David: God's Choice of King

1 Samuel 16:1-23


Intro: In our last two studies we have focused on the rise and fall of King Saul

A) PEOPLE’S CHOICE AWARDS – Saul was everything the people wanted in a King


B) But because of his Pride – His was a quick Demise – After roughly 3 yrs God had rejected him


C) Although he would stay on the throne for several more yrs – they would be yrs that were marked by an absence of God’s leading and anointing


D) The only good that would come out of Saul’s time on the throne would come from God’s hand and anointing being on some who were around Saul –Jon


Now Ch. 15 – Ended with Saul’s incomplete obedience – Didn’t kill Agag –

A) Brought back  the choice animals – God said that is it – The kingdom will be torn from you


B) Samuel takes care of Business – Saul & Samuel go separate ways

1) Saul goes home discouraged – trying to figure out how to hang on –


C) Samuel goes home mourning what is next

So w/ that as our Back drop we come now to Ch.16 the Choosing of God’s man David : v. 1

1Now the LORD said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons.”


A)Now this is interesting to me/ It tells us there is a time for mourning over leaders  who have fallen


B) Good mark of a man or woman of God – is that they are burdened by the sins of those around them- 1) not so calloused – Policeman – happen to Pastors too{ Remember Sin against God


C) Samuel was discouraged but we must remember that God will never allow His work to die with the death or failure of a man.


D) If it is God’s work, it goes beyond any man.


So God says to Samuel – You have grieved enough – IT is time to get on w/ My Program – my man

A)God was ready to do a New thing / but Samuel was still grieving over the Old thing /


B) SO Samuel needed some Nudging -

      ( Notice Samuel’s response – v.2)

2And Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.”

A)Now We can certainly understand Samuel’s fear.


B) There isn’t any doubt that Saul would consider this treason.

1) Problem: Samuel’s eyes were fixed on Saul / instead of on the Lord who was calling Him & sending Him


C) We don’t have to fear for the future when we know God has provided for Himself leaders.

1) In some unlikely place, God is raising up leaders for His people.


D) He will keep them obscure and hidden until the right time, then God will raise them up.

1) God will always provide for Himself leaders.


Now I don’t know about you but Samuel’s response encourages me!

A) I mean here is this great & godly man like Samuel reacting this way –


B) God says to do something & I give him 10 reasons why I can’t / why that is impossible

1)But here is what separates a great & godly man like Samuel from so many of us – note v.3,4


But the LORD said, “Take a heifer with you, and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’ 3Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; you shall anoint for Me the one I name to you.”  4So Samuel did what the LORD said, and went to Bethlehem


C) What Separates great men of God from the rest of the crowd is when God says – Go they Go!

1)      They might question at first/ they might lack faith at first  – but eventually they respond / eventually they take that step of faith


D)Peter was told to cast out his netHe questioned already fished all night the wrong time of the day – but nevertheless at your word …….nests     

1)   That is always the response of the man or woman of faith !!!!!


E) Lord this doesn’t make sense to me – SubmitNevertheless ….word

1)   Lord I don’t understand this move – Nevertheless …../ TITHE

  You want me to spank my child- nevertheless / FORGIVE HIM …..



Only hindering his plan for you - Miraculous

So Samuel did what the Lord said & went to Bethlehem

A) Bethlehem was a small town, not very far from Jerusalem.


B)It was the home of Ruth and Boaz, from whom the family of Jesse descended.

1) It was a hilly grain-growing region, with many small grain fields carved into the hillsides.


C) But Bethlehem was the hidden place where God was working in the heart of a young man

1)A man who was after God’s own Heart – next King


Now I want to comment here on Samuel’s Commission – It was VAGUE –

A)Go to Jesses house – anoint one of his sons


B) God didn’t tell Samuel the sons name / didn’t tell him it was going to be the youngest –

1) God told him one thing & w/held the others things


C) So often that is God’s way – he only gives us part of the picture – rarely spells it all out –

1) why does He do that ?





C) 1st He wants us to walk by faith – trust Him that He will supply the rest of the needed information & resources at the appropriate time


D) 2nd – He wants consistent & Constant COMMUNICATION -        

1) If He told us too much our tendency would be to get way ahead of Him


E) 3rd He wants us to be CONTINUALLY dependent upon Him /

1) so He keeps us in the dark a little bit – so we stay close


When Amanda was younger – She wanted so much to be independent

A) She would try to run up ahead – thinking she knew where she was going –


B) Oblivious to the Dangers around her – traffic etc

1) So we constantly had to REIGN her in .


C) We can be that same way – Run recklessly up ahead – get in the way – No sensitivity to God’s timing & Purpose –

1)    Everything that He is doing to prepare the scene before we even get there


4So Samuel did what the LORD said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, “Do you come peaceably?”

A) I can only imagine that after the Agag incident what Samuel’s Rep was – Scarred of Him


B) These guys are wondering – Have you come peaceably or are we in trouble too.


5And he said, “Peaceably; I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. Sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he consecrated Jesse and his sons, and invited them to the sacrifice.



1) clean yourselves – Prepare your Hearts        


V. 6 So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, "Surely the LORD's anointed is before Him!"

7 But the LORD said to Samuel,” Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature, because I have refused him. For the LORD does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart."


C) Now here we get some Keen insight into the Kind of man that God chooses when He is Looking for a Leader – Note several things

First thing that this tells us is that the Basis of God’s Choice is Contrary to Human reasoning

A) When Samuel sees Eliab he is thinking right away that this is a good Choice


B) Eliab was a carbon copy of Saul – Big strong / handsome – man’s man  -

John Wayne / Clint Eastwood / Chuck Connors


C)Problem was Samuel only saw the OUTWARD MAN – but God saw the Character of His heart – Man looks at the outward …… I look ….


D)In our society we base so much on Qualifications, credentials & first impressions –

1) A lot of times those first impressions can be a FAÇADE – it is not the real thing –


E) like Disneyland – fake buildings – Movie sets


D) A lot of times you find that what is beneath the surface isn’t very real /isn’t very deep –


When God is looking for a Person – He isn’t interested so much in all the ability, talent or what person has to offer on the outside

A)He is more concerned w/ Who that person is on the INSIDE – the fiber of their heart – Their Integrity – Eliab didn’t pass the test /

B) Redpath God Chooses to build a man of God – He looks for different timber” -  


C) Samuel made the mistake of judging Eliab based on his appearance.

1) Which is the same mistake Israel had made with their failed king Saul.


D) Saul looked the part of a king, but he didn’t have the heart a king of God’s people should have.

1) It didn’t matter how good Eliab looked, because God said, “I have refused him.”


8 So Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, "Neither has the LORD chosen this one."9 Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, "Neither has the LORD chosen this one."10 Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, "The LORD has not chosen these.


D) So Jesse has seven of his sons pass before Samuel – Seven is the number of Completion or perfection

     1) Redpath Samuel’s seven sons represented the perfection of the Flesh/ outwardly they fit the criteria – but God is not interested in refining the flesh


11 And Samuel said to Jesse, "Are all the young men here?" Then he said, "There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the sheep."

And Samuel said to Jesse, "Send and bring him. For we will not sit down till he comes here

A)Now the term Youngest in that culture – referred to the least –


B) So Jesse was not holding back any secret of his estimation of David

1)He was his insignificant son his unimportant son


C) He was so insignificant that– He didn’t even consider calling him to this meeting –

1) But he was not INSIGNIFICANT in God’s eyes


"12 So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good-looking. And the LORD said, "Arise, anoint him; for this is the one!"13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah.


2nd thing we want to note about the person that God chooses – often times it is the one that we would least expect – Why does He do that ?


A)1Cor 1:26-29 Paul answers that Question – RD

B)God says I am going to Choose the Least so that I will get the Glory

  1) Look on in amazement & Know – that was a work of God


C) There are certain campus ministries – that have based a large part of their – strategy on attracting the Brightest & the Best

1)QB on the Football team /the Cheerleaders /  the ASB President & the Homecoming King & Queen


D) Their thinking is If we can attract those people – We can win the school / so that happens we are successful because of our great strategy –

1)   Sometimes what is going on is more of a social thing – Positive peer pressure


God says I have a different plan – I am going to take the least expected / the least likely & do such a awesome work – you Will know  it is God

A)When God wanted to reach the Hippies in the 1960’s– Who did He Pick to minister to them – Hip guy w/ long hair / musician


B) A humble balding Bible teacher who liked to surf – Chuck smith


C) When God was looking for a Voice – to Preach Gospel in the early part of the 19th century – who pick – Brightest in Seminary - / Most Educated ?

1)   Humble uneducated Shoe salesman – DL MOODY


D) When He was looking for another Evangelist for the Mid to late 1900’s who did he pick – A tall lanky, fiery   farm boy from NC – Billy Graham

1)     When He was looking for a New voice to reach the masses in this generation who pick – Ex Drug dealer – Greg Laurie /



See God picks people like that – so that when the world looks at their Backgrounds the response – is It is a Miracle – it makes no sense / Olympics

A)The only way that we can explain it is it is a work of God – that’s the only Kind of work I want to be a part of


B)  So Jesse had seven of his sons pass before Samuel – Seven # of perfection / but the 8th was Chosen – 8 # of New Beginnings

1)   God was going to do a new work in Israel/ a work that needed a New man –


C) David was that man – What Kind of man was He note 3 things

1st David was a Spiritual man – He is twice referred to as a Man after God’s own heart – what does that mean

A) I think it means that – He was after God’s heart – David was a man who longed for God

Psa.42 As the deer pants for the water brooks, So pants my soul for You, O God.

2My soul thirsts for God, for the living God. 


B) David thirsted for God – who longed to be near God – Psa 27 One thing I have desired of the Lord that I will seek ……

1)   Psa 57:7 My heart is fixed on you oh God & I will be satisfied when I awake in thy likeness


C) David might not have been much to behold on the outside but He was something special on the inside – God took Notice – Unique title

1)   Man after my own heart –


Also  it means That David was Like hearted

A)It speaks of a person who’s heart is in harmony w/ the Lord – that the things that God loves – He loves / God hates / he hates / grieve over sin


B)The things that burden God are the things that burden that person / the things that are important to God are important to that person

C) That is the kind of person that God is looking for – fits that Criteria Man or woman after God’s own heart


D) David was unique but He is not to be looked at as the Exception but as the example – we should all desire hearts like that

1)   2 Chron 16:9 9For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to show Himself strong on behalf of those whose heart is loyal to Him.


D) NASB – Who’s heart is completely his – God is looking for men & women who’s hearts are completely His –

1)   No locked closets – nothing swept under the rug / nothing hidden


David was such a man – He was spiritual man / 2nd thing we want to note about David is He was a Humble man : Psa 78:70

A)He also chose David His servant,- And took him from the sheepfolds;


B) Sheep tending was one of the lowest of the servants Jobs – but David was humble enough to do it – even after being anointed King

1)    Faithful in the little things – exalted w/ much

C) That is what God saw in His Humble servant David –


D)  David wasn’t seeking the lime light – but He was faithfully tending His fathers sheep – God saw His Humility – Rewarded Him

     1) Promotion comes not from the East or from the west but from the Lord


3rd thing about David – why God’s man David was a man of Integrity

Psa. 78:72 72    So he shepherded them according to the integrity of his heart,

     And guided them by the skillfulness of his hands.


A)The word INTEGRITY is interesting word in the Hebrew = complete, wholesome, innocent, sound, having simplicity of life

1)   It speaks of one who is real - Integrity is what you are when no one else is looking


B) There was a simplicity to David’s life – He was real – wasn’t pretending – wasn’t concerned about what others thought of him

1)   But He was concerned about what God thought of Him


C) Motivated by the FEAR OF GOD & not the FEAR OF MAN

From the actions of David, Jesse, and David’s brothers from this point on, we can gather that only God & Samuel knew exactly what was happening here.

A) Everyone else probably thought that Samuel was just honoring David for some reason.


B) Probably no one even dared to think that this was David’s anointing to be king over all Israel.

1) But God knew, because He had been working in

David’s heart for a long time.


“The public anointing was the outcome of what had taken place in private between David and God long before.” (Redpath)


C) There were three outward evidences of the destiny God had for David’s life.

1) The first evidence was the anointing.


D) He received that immediately.


E) The second evidence was the spiritual battle he entered into with Saul.


F) The final evidence - was when he received the crown and was enthroned in Israel, some 25 years later.



It was a long time between the time David was chosen and anointed to be a king and the time he was crowned.

A) That time in-between would be used by God to mold and Shape David for his Destiny.


B) SO too in  our lives, it is a long time for most of us between when we are chosen and anointed, and the time when we receive our crowns


C) . In between, there is a lot of conflict and spiritual warfare / a lot of training / pruning

1) God is preparing us for our DESTINY !!!


Now as David was anointed with the oil – The Spirit of the Lord came upon Him

A) SO The oil on the head was just a sign of this inward reality.


B) Now when the HS came upon David – He also Departed from Saul -


v. 14But the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and a distressing spirit from the Lord troubled him.


Now right away a question arises in the minds of many - If God is all-good, why did He send a distressing spirit upon Saul?

A)There are two senses in which God may send something. He may send something in the active sense, or He may send something in a passive sense.


B)Actively, God never initiates or performs evil; (James 1:17). He is the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning 

1)   Passively, God may withdraw the hand of His protection, and therefore allow evil to come, without being the source of the evil itself.


C)This is indicated by what happened with Saul. First, the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul.

1)   This means Saul lost his spiritual "protection" & covering. So, Satan was more than ready to send a distressing spirit to fill the void in Saul.


D) Like in Job – Satan was the source of Job’s problems – yet it is referred to several times that it was from God – He allowed it


RD V. 15-23


SO David is thrust into this Position of being right next to Saul – See what he didn’t want to be

A) See how he didn’t want to become


B) Drug addicts / Prison /


Before we go note one more thing – V. 18 Provide a good description of what to look for in a worship leader – Note 5 things

A) #1 Skillful in playing: To lead Saul in worship, and to minister to him in music, David had to be skillful in playing.


B) The technical quality of music makes a difference in being an effective worship leader.

1) The heart matters, but so does technical ability.


C) This doesn’t mean that a person has to be a expert Musician before they can be used of God.

1) But it does mean that they cannot tolerate a too casual, unconcerned, lazy, “we don’t really need to practice” attitude. { Excellence – Best for God & pp


D) Skillful in playing reflects an attitude as much as it reflects ability.


#2 A mighty man of valor, a man of war: Saul was being spiritual attacked – worship was a weapon

A) Some of you – spiritually attacked all day – time of worship is Victory time


B) Worship ministry is a constant battleground.

1)  Satan hates worship – Tries to distract from it


C) A good worship leader is going to have a degree of Sensitivity to the HS

1) Understanding of the Battle – Be READY !!!!



#3 Prudent in speech: Good worship ministry needs a lot of diplomacy.

A) Everyone has an opinion on music, and everyone has a suggestion.


B) Effective worship ministers know when to speak and when to be quiet on the platform, among the team, and in the congregation.


#4  A handsome person: David was a good-looking young man (1Samuel 16:12).

A) An effective worship minister doesn’t need to be a fashion model, but their appearance is important.


B) They need to present themselves so as to be invisible.

1) If they are so dressed up, or so dressed down, that their appearance calls attention to themselves, it needs to change.


#5 The LORD is with him: This is the most important attribute.

A) The other measures will grow & develop, but it must be said of any WL the LORD is with him

B) This means that they are anointed – that they called by God,

1) submitting to God, and submitting to whatever

leadership the LORD has placed over them.