1 Kings Chapters 12-14


When I was Pastoring in Oregon for 4 yrs we met in a School. A great School – every week twice a week

Tear down and set up.

A) Hard – challenges with soundchallenges with teachers – But God blessed


B) Then the day came where the Lord provided a building for us in a Business Park

1) But before we moved in the inside of the Building had to be gutted rebuilt and reconfigured to meet our needs


C) Learned: It is a lot easier to tear down than it is to build up.

1) 1 week to gut the Place – took us 4 months to build it out.


What is true about buildings is also true about life

A) It is a lot easier to TEAR DOWN – than it is to build up. { Family / Ministry/ Marriage / Church


B) As we come to Chapter 12 {We find this is also true in Kingdoms –

1) One Foolish decision tears apart what had taken more than a century to put together.





Review: Saw last time Solomon had a great first half

A) Horrible 2nd half – led the nation into idolatry.


B) For that reason the nation was punished – the Lord brought Hadad from Edom

1) And Rezon from Zobah against Israel


C) And the Lord said that after Solomon died the nation would be torn in two

1) Ten Northern tribes & 2 Southern tribes –


D) They would be known as Israel – North / Judah in the South

1) Ahijah comes to Jeroboam in dramatic fashion ribs his garment into – 12 pieces to illustrate


E) 10 Northern tribes would be given to Jeroboam in the North- while the 2 southern tribes of Judah would remain in David’s family


Ch. 11 ends with Jeroboam fleeing to Egypt for protection from Solomon.

A) Solomon dies – His son Rehoboam secures the throne – at this point – the Kingdom is still united


B) He was 41 yrs old when he came to the throne – he ruled for 17yrs

1) He was the 2nd of 19 kings who descended from David who would rule over Judah in its 345 yr existence


                         RD V.1-5

So after Solomon’s death – Rehoboam was crowned king in Schechem –

A) Shechem was a strategic city –  a city with a rich history.


B) Abraham worshipped there/ Jacob built an altar and purchased land there.

1) Joseph was buried there


C) It was also the geographical center of the northern tribes.

1) So over all it showed that Rehoboam was in a position of weakness, having to meet the ten northern tribes on their territory,

2) instead of demanding that representatives come to Jerusalem.


D) Reason: Those tribes were not eager to make Rehoboam their King.

1) They had tired of Solomon and his oppressive ways and were not ready for more of the same.


E) SO they came to Rehoboam to ask – How are we going to be treated?

1) Will you lighten the load that your father put on us with all his building projects? 


2) They were calling for a downsizing of his Govt & lifestyle.




It would have been a Challenging task for the wisest of men to follow in Solomon’s foot steps

A) His 40 year reign had been marked by brilliance – the nation rose to its greatest height.


B) The later yrs of his reign – were marked by great apostasy.

1) Those yrs of apostasy planted land mines that could only be avoided with great care.


C) Rehoboam asked for 3 days to consider the request and to seek counsel. – SMART ---------------RD v.6-7



So Rehoboam does a smart thing here – he consults the Elders – those with experience

A) They give him wise counsel – you need to have a heart to serve the people.


B) They will be loyal to you – they will serve you if they know that your heart is to serve them.


C) Same Principle that Paul lays out to Husbands in Marriage – Serve your wives –

1) Love them like Christ loves the Church


D) Just like the Church responds to Christ love with Love / submission/ service –

1) That will be the response of your wife.



But a lot of men don’t heed those words – because in their minds it is all about them –

A) That too is Rehoboam’s problem – He thinks it is all about him.


B) Rehoboam forgot 3 very important leadership principles.

1) Leadership is earned not inherited.  


2) People follow leaders that have earned their respect.


3) Leadership is built on trust – People will follow leaders they can trust.


C) But if that trust is compromised watch out.

1) If people start feeling exploited watch out.


D) Well Rehoboam does a very unwise thing here –he rejects the counsel of the elders –

1) He turns to his peers – young men he grew up with


E) He ignores the advice of the Elders & ask these young guys – with no experience – what  should I do?

                                 RD V.8-11


Result instead of avoiding the land mines Rehoboam carelessly plunges right into them.

A) Rehoboam follows their counsel and takes the position that Pharaoh took with the Children of IsraelMake the load Heavier


Note Rehoboam sought the counsel of the elders and his peers – but not of the Lord.

2 Chronicles 12:14 summarized Rehoboam like this: And he did evil, because he did not prepare his heart to seek the Lord.


B) This speaks to the lack of his of personal relationship with the Lord.


C) The Bible declares that there is wisdom in a multitude of Counselors - 


D)  But the Starting place is the Lord – the counselors should confirm what the Lord is saying.

1) Too often we make the mistake that Rehoboam does – we turn to everyone else but the Lord.


E)  Then we Scratch our heads in confusion when things – turn into a disaster.

                                                           RD V. 12-15


Now up to this point we have seen men acting on the basis of their own sinful desires.

A) The hand of God has been unseen – but it has not been absent- v.15 tells us this turn of events was from the Lord


B) In other words this was all a part of God’s plan to divide the nation.


C) God managed this whole series of events, but He did not make Rehoboam take this unwise and sinful action. 1) God simply left Rehoboam alone and allowed him to make the critical errors his sinful heart wanted to make.


RD V.16-19


So the People respond What share have we in David? A) Rehoboam's foolishness made Israel reject not only Rehoboam, but also the entire dynasty of David.


B) They rejected the descendants of Israel's greatest king.


C) But Rehoboam is not going to give up easy: The King Rehoboam sent Adoram, his chief tax collector but all Israel stoned him with stones:


D) Adoram was the wrong man for Rehoboam to send.

1) He was famous for his harsh policy of forced labor there’s the guy who caused all this to begin with.


E) So Rehoboam’s tough-guy policy didn't work.



V.19 So Israel has been in rebellion against the house of David to this day:

A) From this point on in the history of Israel, the name "Israel" referred to the 10 northern tribes


B) and the name "Judah" referred to the southern tribes of Benjamin and Judah.

1) Long standing tension between the two!

                                                                       RD V.20-24


SO When all Israel heard that Jeroboam had come back, they sent for him and called him to the congregation, and made him king:

A) Thus the prophecy of Ahijah in 1 Kings 11:29-39 was fulfilled.


B) At the time the prophecy was made, it seemed unlikely

1) but God's word through His prophet was fulfilled.


C) This King Jeroboam is sometimes called Jeroboam I to distinguish him from a later king of Israel also named Jeroboam, usually known as Jeroboam II (2 Kings 14:23-29).


D) Now: Rehoboam intended to make war against the tribes of Israel,

1) but God spoke through a prophet and stopped him.


E) To his credit - or perhaps due to a lack of courage - Rehoboam listened to God's word through Shemaiah






Consider with me for a minute this man Shemiah

A) Some of you never heard of him before, perhaps you will never hear of him again;


B) he appears this once in Israel’s history, and then he vanishes; he comes, and he goes.

1) But what an appearance – His boldly takes the word of the Lord to Rehoboam not to go to war.


C) Result 180,000 Chosen men are sent home.

1) Civil war is postponed.


D) Oh that we would have such boldness to share the Word of the Lord

1) I pray we would see those kind of results


E) The power is not in our Delivery – Power is in our message – remember that!


As we come to V.25 of Ch.12 –: We have a shift in the story.   Split screen

A) The author of 1 Kings – style is to take us back and forth between what is happening in Judah & Israel


B) So From v.25 of Ch.12 – V. 20 of Ch.14 The focus is on Jeroboam and the 10 northern tribes of Israel

1) We will come back to them – because I want us to finish Rehoboam’s story tonight


C) So we are going to jump over to Ch.14V.21

                        RD V.21-24

Now the reign of each King of Judah is recounted the same way:

A) The King’s name / Father’s name / Mothers name –the length of his reign – his age when he came to the throne –


and usually a comparison to King how he fared in comparison to King David. { Not given here.


Here is the sad run down on Rehoboam

A) He lost most of his territory


B) He lost his spiritual integrity – they became like the nations around them –

1) Practicing abominations


C) Provoked the Lord to Jealousy: Interesting concept


The root idea in the Old Testament word jealous is to become intensely red.

A) It seems to refer to the changing color of the face or the rising heat of the emotions which are associated with intense zeal over something dear to us.


B) In fact, both the Old and New Testament words for jealousy are also translated “zeal.”

1) So Being jealous and being zealous are essentially the same thing in the Bible.


C) God is zealous—eager about protecting what is precious to Him.

1) it is God’s Zeal for you that causes Him to pursue you / Protect / get your attention.


D) How has God done that in your life this week?

1) Scripture / message / friend / song/


Israel was especially important to God  

A) She belongs to Him as His special possession, His unique treasure.


For the LORD has chosen Jacob for Himself,
Israel for His own possession
(Psalm 135:4).


B) In fact, He views her as His wife.

1) Through the Prophet Hosea He said to the nation, “And I will betroth you to Me forever” (Hosea 2:19).


C) No man with any moral fiber wants to share his wife with another man, and neither does God.

1) He expects exclusive devotion from her.


D) But when she goes after other lovers, that is, when she worships other gods and thus commits spiritual adultery, He is said to be jealous.


E) When the term jealousy is applied to God in Scripture it is usually because His people are worshiping idols.

1)  In the second of His ten commandments He warned them not to do that, but they failed to listen to Him.

Psalm 78:58

“For they provoked Him with their high places,
and aroused His jealousy with their graven images”


He is Also Jealous for our best interest – He knows what is best for us.


So whom He loves He Chastens -


See next as God chastises Rehoboam through Egypt.

                     RD V.25-26


It happened in the fifth year of King Rehoboam that Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem. And he took away the treasures of the house of the Lord and the treasures of the king's house; he took away everything. He also took away all the gold shields which Solomon had made.


Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem: A) Both 2 Chronicles and archeology confirm this account.


B) No foreign enemy ever did as much against God's people during the time of David and Solomon as happened during this occasion during the reign of Rehoboam.



He took away the treasures of the house of the Lord and the treasures of the king's house:

A) Solomon left great wealth to his son Rehoboam, both in the temple and in the palace. After only five years, that wealth was largely gone.


He also took away all the gold shields which Solomon had made:

B) 1 Kings 10:16-17 mentions these 500 shields, 200 large and 300 small.


C) According to Dilday, each large shield was worth about $120,000.

1) The smaller shields were worth $30,000. $33 million was invested in gold ceremonial shields - and now in the hands of the Egyptians.


RD V.27-28

 Then King Rehoboam made bronze shields in their place, and committed them to the hands of the captains of the guard, who guarded the doorway of the king's house. And whenever the king entered the house of the Lord, the guards carried them, then brought them back into the guardroom.


D) The replacement of gold with bronze is a perfect picture of the decline under the days of Rehoboam.

1) The dynasty of David went from gold to bronze in five years.

  (29-31) Rehoboam's death and the summary of his reign.


Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all their days. So Rehoboam rested with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the City of David. His mother's name was Naamah, an Ammonitess. Then Abijam his son reigned in his place.



Principles learned from Rehoboam’s Mistakes

1) Wise leaders learn that they are called to be servants in the best interest of those that they lead.


“ Outside of Christ, you love to lead: in Christ you lead to Love”    H. Butt


2) Wise leaders listen: They listen to those they lead, they listen to qualified advisers and most of all they listen to the Lord.


A) A wise leader needs to be a man of Prayer.


B) A wise leader needs to listen to the concerns of those he is leading – and discern are those concerns legit.


C) A wise leader needs to choose wisely – those from whom he is going to seek counsel.


3) Wise leaders realize that they must earn the support of followers not demand or coerce it.


App Evaluate your motives honestly. Are you leading to get your will done, or God’s?



4) Wise leaders focus on the long range benefits, not the short term cost of their actions.


Application: Think deeply about your goals – what legacy are you leaving by your present Choices? Are you thinking short term or long term?



Easier to Tear down than to Build back up!

A) Adam’s Bomb – Katrina


B) How Fix – God spoke world into existence in 6 days –


C) Fix Adam’s Bomb – Sent his Son – 33yrs

1) Cross