1 Kings Chapter 21-22

Who Let the Dogs Out?


Our last few studies in the book of 1st kings have been dominated by the actions of King Ahab

A)Remember wicked King of Israel – who married the daughter of the king of Sidon – Priest of Baal


B) Jezebel introduced Baal worship into Israel

1) Marked by wickedness


C) God gave Ahab & Jezebel many opportunities to repent and turn to him –

1) In fact we saw God’s patience & grace yet again in Ch.20 {to no avail


D) Ahab and Jezebel continue to disregard the Lord and the ways of the Lord

1) Acting like spoiled self centered tyrants – picture in Ch21


Summarize the Story:

A) There was a man in the kingdom named Naboth – owned a vineyard – near the Palace


B) Ahab decided he wanted to buy it – Naboth doesn’t want to sell – families inheritance


C) Ahab comes home all sad- Jezebel asks what is wrong - ………


D) She takes matters into her own hands – elaborate plan –

1) Naboth is accused of Blasphemy against God and the King and is stoned – Ahab gets his vineyard


Pick up the story in v.17 Elijah – RD V.17-19

A) God sends Elijah to pronounce judgment on Ahab

  Graphic fashion – Dogs will lick his blood


20 So Ahab said to Elijah,” Have you found me, O my enemy?"


This shows how hard Ahab’s heart had become – viewed God’s man as his enemy!


Wait a minute Ahab - Elijah is NOT your enemy; he is a great friend of yours because he is speaking the truth to you.


Sometimes we can view people as enemies when they are really the best friends that you can have


Prov 27:6  Faithful are the wounds of a friend; but the kisses of an enemy are deceitful.



And Elijah answered, "I have found you, because you have sold yourself to do evil in the sight of the LORD:


B) Ahab was sold out to do evil!  

                                                    RD V.21-29

In essence: “Because he has humbled himself, because after

10 years of my seeking after him he is finally responding to

me by humbly seeking Me, I will not bring evil in his days”


but in his son's days will I bring the evil upon his house.


That is NOT punishment, it is PROPHECY

A) NOTE: There are TWO things that move the heart of God in Scripture.


B) One is FAITH & the other is HUMILTY/BROKENESS


1 Peter 5:5

Likewise you younger people, submit yourselves to your elders. Yes, all of you be submissive to one another, and be clothed with humility, for


"God resists the proud,

But gives grace to the humble."  


Isaiah 57:15

 For thus says the High and Lofty One

Who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy:

"I dwell in the high and holy place,

With him who has a contrite and humble spirit,

To revive the spirit of the humble,

And to revive the heart of the contrite ones.


James 4:10

 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and He will lift you up.

So because Ahab shows a measure of Humility God meets him w/ Grace – Prolongs the Judgment


Ch.22  RD V.1-4


Recall the battle in Ch.20 – the Syrian army had been so depleted – Ben Hadad was not able to make war with Israel – 3 yrs pass.


Previously, the King of Syria promised to return certain cities to Israel in exchange for leniency after defeat in battle.


Apparently Ramoth Gilead was a city that Ben-Hadad never returned to Israel and it was in a strategically important location.


So King Ahab of Israel asked King Jehoshaphat of Judah to help him in this dispute against Syria.


This made some sense, because Ramoth-Gilead was only 40 miles from Jerusalem.


Now Jehoshaphat was a godly King down in Judah

A)He initiated reform and renewal down in the Southern Kingdom of Judah


B) Learn more about him in 2 Chron. – 3 things that marked his life.



1) Jehoshaphat was a person with a passionate personal commitment to God. His heart was devoted to the ways of the Lord. 2 Chronicles 17:4,6


 2) Jehoshaphat was committed to the centrality of the word of God. For that reason he ordered his reign around the word of God. 2 Chronicles 17:7-9 /19:4-11


3) Jehoshaphat was a man determined to trust the Lord. His trust moved him to pray and to act as God directed.


His rallying point for the nation is found in 2 Chron 20:20

 "Hear me, O Judah and you inhabitants of Jerusalem: Believe in the LORD your God, and you shall be established; believe His prophets, and you shall prosper."


But if Jehoshaphat had a flaw it was that he allowed himself to be unequally yoked with Ahab

A)Made military sense and economic sense – but not godly sense.


B) Jehoshaphat tries to bring some godly influence into this alliance by proposing that they seek God before going into battle. RD V 5-6


C) Jehoshaphat sees thru this Charade – Isn’t there a prophet of the Lord here.    RD V.7-8

Ahab responds there is this one prophet – but I hate him because he never says anything good

A) That is how some people approach the word –


B) Tell me something good – Feel good message

1) Don’t want to hear about sin – want to hear things that build up self esteem


C) Sign of the last days – Itching ears – tell us what we want to hear! 


D) Jehoshaphat says bring him out – let's hear from Macyah     RD V.10-18


King Ahab and others at the court found it hard to explain how one prophet could be right and 400 prophets could be wrong.


So Micaiah explains the message of the 400 prophets.


RD V.19-23


Now this gives us an interesting insight into the heavenly scene and the ways of God

A)See there comes a time in God’s dealings with a man that he meets them in their hardness


B) God had been giving Ahab ample opportunity and to repent.

1) Even showed grace at the slightest display of Humility – But Ahab continued to Rebel

C) Ahab continued to do his own thing and ignore the word, Heart and will of God.

1) He continued to harden his heart and now God is going to meet him in his hardness


D) Give Ahab what he wants – Life apart from God.


Recall in the book of Exodus – Pharaoh –

A) God sent Moses – let my people go ……

     Pharaoh hardened his heart –


B) SO God sent plagues – Pharaoh was softened – ok I will let them go – just stop the plague

1) Once the Plague was gone – out of the discomfort

Pharaoh would harden his heart again


C) This goes on several times where we read that Pharaoh hardened his heart over & over again


Here is what our English Bibles don’t reveal but that the Hebrew text does with Pharaoh

A) Each time the phrase Pharaoh hardened his heart is used – there is a stronger word used for hardened than the time before


B) Like saying – So and so was Mad - / next time angry/ incensed / filled w/ wrath/


C) That is the picture we get w/ Pharaoh – He hardened his heart

1) He stiffened his heart / He made it like Cement

D) Then we read in Exodus that God hardened Pharaoh’s heart –

1) This is the idea – God says – look I see where this is going – this guy is hopeless – speed up the process


E) That is what is happening here!


Micyah describes a heavenly scene where there are Angelic beings around the throne – on his right and left.

A)Since the right hand was the place of favor, this may indicate that God spoke to the combined host of heaven, both faithful and fallen angelic beings.


B)Some people forget that Satan and his fellow fallen angels have access to heaven (Job 1:6, Rev 12:10).


C) These passages show that God can allow evil in His presence, though He can have no fellowship with evil

1) And in Rev 20 we read that there is a day when Satan and his cohorts will be forever banned from Heaven.


D) Right now they have access – Satan is the accuser of the Brethren.


 Now God wanted to bring judgment against Ahab, so He asked this group of the host of heaven for a volunteer to lead Ahab into battle.

 A) Apparently, one of the fallen angels volunteered for this task.

B) Since Ahab wanted to be deceived, God would give him what He wanted, using a willing fallen angel who worked through willing unfaithful prophets.


C) QUESTION: Why would the demons seek to see Ahab wiped out?

1) Because Satan has NO other plan for man than to destroy him.


RDV. 24-29


The odd thing in all of this is that Jehoshaphat would still agree to go into Battle. – Fatal mistake.


RD V.30-39


Ahab remembered the prophecy: “The leader will be killed” so he decided to NOT wear his leader clothes

A)You can NOT outsmart God


B)First they mistakenly went after Jehoshaphat,


C) Then some UNKNOWN shoots a “RANDOM” arrow at NOBODY and it found its way right in the place of vulnerability in Ahab’s armor.


D) The Prophecy of the Lord was fulfilled


So Ch.22 ends by mentioning deaths of both Ahab and Jehoshaphat. Even though Jehoshaphat didn’t die at this time.

A)The rest of the chapter reveals their Successors


B) Ahab – Ahaziah – very wicked


C) Jehoshaphat – Jehoram – also wicked 2 Chron 21

He followed the ways of the kings of Israel

1)   Married to Ahab’s daughter


D) Further by product of Jehoshaphat’s unequally yoked relationship with Ahab


E) 2 Chron 21 tells us that in an effort to secure his power Jehoram had all his brothers killed.


This one mistake would have wide spread ramifications for Jehoshaphat.


Before we go tonight – I want us to consider 3 of the men in the story and their relationship to God’s word


1st Ahab: Ahab shows us that we cannot outwit or outmaneuver the word of God.

A)He first tried to counterfeit the word by providing 400 false prophets who would supply an imitation of God’s word and give the message he wanted to hear.


B) In the end God’s word against him was fulfilled.

2nd Micaiah: Micaiah challenges us to stand for the word of God courageously, whatever the cost.

A)He is a great example of a prophet who determined to proclaim God’s truth fearlessly, even though his audience did not want to hear it.


3rd Jehoshaphat: Jehoshaphat is a reminder to us that we must listen to God’s word first, not second.

A) He was a king who loved the Lord but his pragmatism lured him into a compromising relationship that did great damage to his nation


B) He fell into a trap of first making his decision and then consulting God.


C) When he heard God’s word he was unwilling to admit his mistake and to follow God’s direction.