Matthew 9:9-17 Something New


Intro: Movie makers are famous for created stories of under achievers who become over achievers

A)Movies like the Bad news bears - It was a story about a pathetic little league team

2. They were snot-nosed, foul-mouthed, unorganized, and untalented on the field


3. Most were not the kind of players that you would pick to be on your team { Losers

4. But they became champs


B)Of Course you have Rocky: The no body from So. Philly who becomes the Italian Stallion

1)The So Paw from So. Philly


C)We resonate with that – because there is something inside of all of us – that wants our ordinary to become



D)Something inside all of us that longs to be great


Problem is what we see in the movies – doesn’t happen to most of us in real life.

A)Can’t count the times – school yard – counting down the last seconds – basketball – 5 4 3 2 1

               HE WAS FOULED


B) I played Basketball from 8yrs on into High School

1)You know how many times I made the game winning shot?  ZERO

Great in the movies – but not reality!

A)Here is the beautiful thing though about the Church – about GOD’S TEAM


B)He has always been about taking the ordinary and doing the extraordinary!

1)Misfits making them MIGHTY


C) David / Joshua / Gideon /  Moses …. list goes on


That is clearly seen in the type of men Jesus picked to be on His team

A)They weren’t the cream of the crop – not men of great influence / or great affluence – not rich


B)Not men of great power – not highly educated

1)No he picked a motely crew of under achievers


C)Fishermen who never caught anything

1)Simon was a Zealot – fought the establishment


D)But maybe the most unusual of the disciples was Matthew – he was a tax collector


V.9 gives us a brief description of his conversion


As Jesus passed on from there, He saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax office. And He said to him, "Follow Me." So he arose and followed Him.


                 Matthew was a man who  served Rome by collecting taxes.  An IRS agent

A) In those days a man could buy what they called a tax collecting franchise


B) A franchise required collecting a specified amount of taxes for Rome and anything collected beyond that figure was  kept as personal profit.


C) Now no one knew what the specified amount of taxes were except for the Roman officials & the tax collector himself

1) this enabled the tax collector to really jack up the taxes if he wanted to & keep a larger profit for himself  (Practice permitted by Roman officials)


D)For this reason the tax collectors were considered crooks & traitors by their own people & were hated

1) They were even more despised than Roman officials or soldiers.


E)So that is what pp saw when they looked at Matthew


But notice our text tells us that when Jesus looked at Matthew He saw not a tax collector – but a man.

A) He was a man created in the image of God


B)  A living soul with hurts, and problems, and sins, and fears-   A man that Jesus had come to die for


C) Levi  was probably used to people getting on him for what he was

1) When Jesus treated him as a man instead of as a tax collector, he took notice.



  1) Someone everyone treats badly because they are bad


E) Wonder what would happen if someone treated them like a normal person?



A) It says that Matthew arose up & followed Him!


B) Luke 5:28 adds this remark – He left all arose and followed

1) That insight is significant  - He left all - then He rose up and followed Him !


C) I believe that order is significant & worth noting because we need to understand that there needs to be a leaving before there can be a rising.


Now I have watched many people who have been limited in ministry - or held back & weighed down in their Christianity - no Joy

A) Because they were not willing to leave something behind


B) For some it was a secret sin - a “little compromise” Grey areas”   For others it was an attitude of bitterness & unforgiveness


C) Some a fear / others a lack of trust or some misconception they have about the Lord that is causing them to not truly rise up & follow




E) Can’t experience all that the Lord has for us until we are willing to do that

Heb.12  Therefore we also, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which so easily ensnares us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us,

2  looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith,


Jim Elliot  "He is no fool to give up what he cannot keep, to gain what he cannot lose."



A)Something that He has been asking you to leave behind - to lay aside & rise up to follow Him in a deeper way - more committed ?


B) So you can Rise up & go higher in the Lord - deeper in your walk                    

10 Now it happened, as Jesus sat at the table in the house, that behold, many tax collectors and sinners came and sat down with Him and His disciples.

A)Now in Mark’s gospel we are told that this little feast took place at Matthew’s house


B)Like Matthew wanted all of his heathen tax collector friends to meet Jesus – Jesus went

1)Hanging with the sinners – the religious leaders had a problem with that.


11 And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to His disciples, "Why does your Teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?"


A) Most religious Jews, and especially the proud and self-righteous scribes and Pharisees, could not conceive of socializing w/ such a group of sinners


B) The Jews of Jesus’ day used the term sinners almost as a technical term for people who had no concern or respect either for the Mosaic law or rabbinic traditons


C) They were looked on as the vilest and most wretched and worthless of all people.

1)  Yet it was some of those very people that Jesus and His disciples joined at the banquet in Matthew’s house.


D)And Eating in that culture was a radical thing - spoke of a oneness - of an acceptance

So why would Jesus want to associate w/ such a crowd ? He answers that question


12 When Jesus heard that, He said to them, "Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick.  13 But go and learn what this means: 'I desire mercy and not sacrifice.' For I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance." 


A)The scribes and Pharisees saw Levi and his friends as condemned sinners,


B) but Jesus saw them as spiritually sick “patients” who needed the help of a physician.


C) Reminds us of the fact that although Jesus hated Sin – He loved the Sinner !!! came to die for sin


D) Think for a moment – Some one you Know – that guy is a Sinner –

1) A #1 HEATHEN – Picture in Dictionary


E) Know this: Jesus hates their sin – But He loves the Sinner –

1) Died for the Sinner – wants to save the sinner


The Church is not a Sanctuary for the perfect – but a hospital for the hurting.


Interesting Phrase: Go and learn what this means

A)Here He pens them to the wall with their own Scripture.  "Go and learn." 


B)And by the way, that little statement go and learn is from the rabbinic writings. 

1)You see it many many times in the rabbinical writings. 


C)The rabbi's used to use it as an exhortation or a rebuke to persons who didn't really know what they should have known.  Go and learn, he says. 


D)Go back to the books and come again when you've gotten the information and learn what your own text says and he quotes Hosea 6:6.  "I will have mercy and not sacrifice." 


In other words, God says, "I am not concerned with ritual.  I'm concerned with a merciful heart." 

A)Here they were, they crank out all the little ritual, but they had no mercy or compassion or love for a sinner. 


B)I wonder if some of us don’t need to learn that

God says: I desire mercy –

1)I want the Church Youth group friendships to be a place where mercy is shown



Final note on Matthew: His real name was Levi

A) Levi meant “Joined”


B)  Named after a son of Jacob, the father of one of the tribes of Israel

1) -A name associating him with his heritage


2) -A name associated with the worship of God

      The Levites served in the temple


C) But for this Levi – he name spoke of someone who had joined himself w/ the Romans to exploit the people of God –


Now somewhere along the line – Levi came to be known as Matthew -

A) Matthew meant “Gift of God”


B) The Lord was giving him a new start

1) And This former outcast would become a gift of God to others


C)The Tax man would become a gospel writer!


Jesus is getting it from all sides  next V.14  Then the disciples of John J THE B came to Him, saying,"Why do we and the Pharisees fast often, but Your disciples do not fast?"


Now The OT prescribed only one fast, the one on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement

                 (see Lev. 16:29, 31) ,  

But the Jews were always adding to the scriptures & Jewish tradition had come to require fasting twice a week on and Mon. & thurs..

A)So the disciples of John the B see Jesus and his disciples hanging out feasting – party – celebrating


B)What is up – suggesting – If you and your disciples were really spiritual you would be fasting like us


C)You guys wouldn’t be so happy - 


15 And Jesus said to them, "Can the friends of the bridegroom mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them, and then they will fast.


In those days a wedding would usually last 7days, & the bridegroom would choose his best friends to be responsible for the festivities.

A)According to the Talmud, there is one time a man is absolved of duty, even prayer: at a wedding ceremony.


B)The only duty a man had at a wedding ceremony was to rejoice.  Celebrate good times come on


By using this image, Jesus was saying to His critics, “I came to make life like a wedding feast, not a funeral.

1) ‘This is not the time to be fasting.’ This is a time to be REJOICING



I don’t know when Christianity began being associated with grumpiness, Drugery – Not real Christianity

A)Abundant life – Can Christians dance? – Some can some can’t – no rhythm


B)Jesus enjoyed himself – he enjoyed pp – He had a good time


C)Jesus says the is a time coming when  He was going to be taken away from them – Cross

1)Then it would be appropriate for them to fast – mourn




16 No one puts a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment; for the patch pulls away from the garment, and the tear is made worse. 


There are those who suggest that Jesus came to reform Judaism.

A) Jesus was illustrating that he had not come to try & patch up the old religious system - can’t patch up the old


B) Can’t put a new patch onto old Levi’s - wash stretch & tear


C)The problem wasn’t that the old system needed fixed or patched –

1)It served it’s purpose – Reveal sin / need for a savior

Jesus came to do something completely new that was about man’s performance

A)But instead it would be about His sacrifice!


B)The OC called on man to perform – Obey 10 commandments –

1)Problem was man couldn’t do that consistently


C)The answer was not a patch on the old system

Not putting a patch on an old coat



Jesus says It is not a patch that you need but a whole new coat

A) Jesus does a work on the inside that affects your life in every way - seen on the outside !


B) He didn’t come to patch up the old Rabbinical system - Nor does He want to patch up your old life

1)He came to do a New thing & to give you a new life !


In the 2nd illustration - He gives further insight into how this takes place

17 Nor do they put new wine into old wineskins, or else the wineskins break, the wine is spilled, and the wineskins are ruined. But they put new wine into new wineskins, and both are preserved." 


A) Wine was often stored in animal skins that were specially prepared for that purpose.


B) Now Old wineskins would eventually dry out and become hard , and if someone put new wine into them, when the wine began to ferment


C) they couldn’t handle the stretching & the expanding & they would crack and burst open ,spilling the wine ... out.


C) The only suitable container for new wine is a fresh wineskin.


That is what Jesus was bringing – New Wine – a New covenant – His spirit but into transformed lives

A)Ezk 36


B)New Wine/ New skins  – Message not do – but Done


C)New Wine – written not on stones but on the heart


D)New Wine / Skins – Not human effort – But HS empowering