Heb. 8:10-12 The New Covenant Part 2 A New Part


Intro: This morning we are once again in Heb. Ch.8 continuing  our Study on the N.C.

A)We are taking our time in this portion of the book of Heb because the subject of the N.C is one of the most important in the Bible


CHS THE doctrine of the New covenant lies at the root of all true theology. It has been said that he who understands the distinction between the OC & the NC is  a master of divinity.


B) Understanding the various aspects of the NC is the Key to experiencing intimacy w/ God / Freedom in our walks / Usefulness for the Lord

  1) It is essential to living a Vibrant / Fruitful / successful Christian life


C) Pray & Read v. 10-12


Some people suggest that if they lived in O.T. times they would have no problem believing in God – Living for God

A)Because in O.T. times God did all these incredible miracles / Plagues in Egypt / Red Sea / water from a Rock/ Manna from Heaven


B) And there were times in the O.T. when God spoke in an Audible voice to people.

1)   If God did that to me they say I would have no problem believing in Him / trusting in him/ looking to Him / Living for Him


C) I say REALLY? Read the O.T. yes it is true that they saw God work miraculously and heard Him Speak at times Audibly

1)   But they struggled Miserably in living for God / Their faith was weak


D) In fact the Generation that saw & heard so much to prove the reality & the Power of God / we are told perished in the Wilderness

1)  The REASON? their Unbelief

The Reality in my opinion is that  those who lived in the OT were at  a great Disadvantage

A)Yes, they occasionally saw incredible miracles & yes they sometimes heard God’s voice audibly


B) But their whole interaction w/ God was all external / they didn’t have the Lord working in their hearts the way that we do in the days of the New Cov.


C) God gave to them Great & Marvelous promises but they were all predicated upon their obedience their keeping of the law /

 1) All they had to do was Obey & they would be blessed in every direction


D) But that is where the Cov. Broke down / that is where it failed / Man was unable to Keep the law of God

1)   But some 900 yrs after the Law was given and the first Cov. Was established God in the Book of Jer. promised a New Covenant


E)Heb 8:10-12 is a direct quote from Jer. 31: 31-34 / Promise made during the reign of Josiah / Prophecy future Application for Israel

1)   Present application for the Church thru The Ministry of Christ


We noted in our study last week there are 3 Key components – New heart / New Part / New Start

A)We looked at a companion passage to Jer.31 / written 100yrs later in the book of Ezk. Where the Lord gives further insight to NC


Ezk.36:26 –27  26I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will take the heart of stone out of your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. 27I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will keep My judgments and do them.


B) A New heart – God was going to do a work on the inside / take your heart of Stone give you a heart of flesh – tender & responsive

1)   The OC was purely External / based upon the External keeping of the

    10 Commandments

C)But The New Covenant. Is an Internal work – God says Give you a New heart / write my will not on tables of stone but on the tables of your heart


D) Not external rules & regulations to follow but a work that God is doing in our Hearts

 1) In the NC God’s carves  the reality of Who He is & what is Will is for our lives upon our hearts


E) He Places His spirit in us to empower us & enable us to walk after Him


The OC promised blessings to the obedient; the NC promises blessings to help us be obedient.

A)The H.S. is promised to lead us and strengthen us for duty"


B) So The new Covenant is so great because God works from Within He changes my mind & my will He gives me a new will /


C)He gives me a New desire to please Him / so that the things that He loves becomes the things that I love

1) So the First component is New Heart – Focus last wk ( Tape)


This morning I want us to consider the 2nd aspect of this New Covenant – A New Part / notice the end of  v.10 and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. None of them shall teach his neighbor, and none his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them.


A.)Now right away we see a difference here / there is an Intimacy that is described in the words  "I will be their God!  They all shall know me "

     1.)     we see here the Lord gives Himself as the chief blessing of the NC


B) Now I want to consider the Magnitude of this Statement by noting the nature of the Relationship that God had w/ Israel in the OC

1)   As seen thru the Illustration of Tab worship


When the Children of Israel camped in the wilderness / they would set up the Tab in the Middle of the Camp / put their tents around it.

A)The Tabernacle was a tent that set inside of a fenced court yard / 45 ft. long /15 ft high / 15 ft wide ( 2 Compartments HP / HH / separated by a Veil)


B) It was there in the HH that the presence of God dwelt !!!!

1)   If looking at your diagram – outer line the fence that surrounded the court yard – 6ft high/ 75ft wide / 150 ft long 


Now lets say that you were a Moabite – you came riding up to the camp of Israel on your camel – Notice this fence inside this tent

A)Ask what is that – you would be told that is the Tab. / that is where God dwells –


B) Wow I would like to see Him / Can’t / You have to be a Jew to even enter in thru this fence into the court yard – Bummer

 1) Only those from the tribe of Levi the Priestly tribe actually get to enter into the Tab itself /


Now lets pretend that you were a young boy from the tribe of Levi / you know that one day you are going to be the Priest

A)You have stood there in the courtyard watched your father – offer burnt offerings on the Bronze altar / wash in the Brass Laver


B) Thought occurred to you – One day I am going to get to do that !

1)   Yrs later a young man / There you are offering Sacrifices / but now you get to do what only the Priest could do – that is go into the Holy place


C) You do that twice a day – Once in the morning & once at night / You go in to check and make sure that the fire on the altar of incense is burning

1)    Change the oil in the lamp stand / & once a week change the bread on the table of Showbread



D) Now if He was from the family of Aaron there was a Chance that he would be able to be the High Priest

1)   And it was his privilege once a year on the day of Atonement to enter into the Holy of Holies


Now to do this was quite an ordeal / in fact in NT times when the worship was in the temple he would spend a week living at the temple grounds

A) That week would be spent in Preparation / everyday he would go thru rehearsals to get ready for what he would do on that day


B) When the Day of Atonement came He would sacrifice a Bull on the altar as an offering of dedication


C) After he was done sacrificing the bull He would go thru a ritual washing

1)   Then he would take off his High Priestly robes / & he would wear only

     a Linen Robe


D) Then He would go & sacrifice another Bull / this time as a sin offering for Himself / a sacrifice for His own sins

1)   Then he would take two handfuls of Incense & go into the Holy place

where he would place them upon the Altar of Incense / Smoke fill HP


After that he would come back out to Altar where the Blood from the Bull was draining into a basin

A)He would then take the Blood into the HP / then pass thru the veil into the Holy of Holies / blood sprinkled 7 times on the floor / Mercy seat


B) After that if He was still alive ( if unconfessed sin in his life  struck dead)

1)   If he was still alive back out / another sacrifice this time a goat for the sins of the people / back in w/ the blood / sprinkle 7 times again


C) All the while the people waited outside in the courtyard or behind the fence for this ritual to be finished

1) Now that was the nature of Worship & relationship w/ God under the OC

External / distant / No one could really Know the Lord

But in the NC the Lord says – I will be their God & they shall be my people and all of them shall Know me

A)What does this Mean when He says  I will be their God ?


B)It means knowing Him as more than Just our Creator

1)   Any man possessed of reason may know that there is a Supreme Being, who created all things and preserves the universe in existence.


Psa.19:1 The heavens declare the glory of God; And the firmament shows His handiwork.


C) The tokens of divine skill and power are so abundant in Creation that / Paul declared in  Rom. 1: 20For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse, 21because, although they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor were thankful, but became futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened.


D)Creation testifies that there is God / a Creator / and the Bible declares that it is only the fool who says in His heart there is no God !!

1)   But this knowledge of God that the NC promises is much more than Knowing that He exist as Creator


Nor is it simply an intellectual Knowledge of Him / Knowing about Him

A)I know about Billy Graham – read books about his life / From what I have read / I consider him a great man / But no first hand Knowledge


B) Now I have friends who have spent time w/ him / pictures of them w/ Billy in their office –They Know him

1)   They tell me about their time w/ him ( very jealous )/ But for me – It is only a Knowledge / Blown away if he invited me for Lunch


C) The NC promises more than just an intellectual Knowledge /

1)   it is not a vicarious relationship where I am trying to live my relationship thru someone else ( tell me more about God)


Remember Kid – tell her I like her / See if she likes me / Tell her I think she is cool / tell her pretty dress

A)Word gets out so & so likes each other – never talked / don’t really know each other


B) Some people are like that w/ the Lord – Live their relationship w/ Him through someone else / parent / Spouse / Missionary in a book

  1) But the NC  is a Relationship where the Lord says – You can Know me

       It is a Knowledge that speaks of an Intimacy a closeness in relationship


D) And When God says they shall be my people – terms of endearment not servitude that He is referring to / talking FAMILY

1)   Incredible to try & understand that God declares that He wants us to know Him !!!!


When He says that I will be their God – He is declaring I will be their all in all

A)A loving & tender Father. A watchful shepherd &Guardian of his flock. A friend that sticks closer than a brother. A rock/ A refuge/ A fortress/


B)A high tower/ A castle of defense/ all that,& more is part of what is meant   when He said “I will be their God,”

1)   Included in that phrase are all the gracious titles of our Lord and all the blessed promises, and all the divine privileges.


C) Do you need  provision? The cattle on a 1,000 hills are his; it is nothing for him to give; it will not impoverish him; he will give to you like a God.

1)      Do you need comfort? He is the God of all Comfort ; he will comfort you like a Father .


D)  Do you need guidance? He says just ask  There is infinite wisdom waiting at your disposal

1)   Do you need support? There is eternal power, the same that created the worlds / brought Christ from the grave

E) Do you need grace? He delights in mercy, and all His mercy is yours.

Every attribute of God belongs to his people who are in covenant with him thru Jesus Christ

A)All that God is or can be all that you can conceive and more; all the angels have and more; all that heaven is and more;


B) All that is in Christ, even the boundless fullness of Godhead — all this belongs to you if you are in covenant with God through Jesus Christ.


C) The NC is all about what Jesus has done for us / We are the Recipients of wonderful benefits & blessings / because of Him

1)   His Performance not mine


  A farmer repeatedly invited a friend into his apple orchard to taste the fruit and make some fresh cider.  But, just as often, the friend said, "No, I would rather not."

   Finally, the farmer said, "I guess you are prejudiced against my apples."

   "Well, to tell the truth," his friend said, "I have tasted a few of them and they are very sour."

   The farmer then asked which apples his friend had eaten.  "Why, those apples which fell along the road over your fence," he replied.


 "Ah, yes," said the farmer, "they are sour.  I planted them to fool the boys who live around here.  But, if you will come into the middle of my orchard, you will find a different taste."


Same is true w/ the Lord

A)On the edges of Christianity are some very sour apples conviction, self-denial, and purity of life, which at 1st glance keep off hypocrites


B)But in the middle of the orchard are delicious fruits, sweet & desirable. 

The nearer to God, the sweeter the joy.


C) Some live at the altar know saved / sacrifice / Others live in the HP they are involved in service / Better place HH/ fellowship / Intimacy

D)If on the edges today - I pray - come to know Him!

   1)If you are in sin today - affect that relationship limit closeness the

        intimacy - repent!



3rd The Results of Knowing God in the heart

1) It turns our hearts away from Idols


A)Paul declared to the Gal. In 4:8 that it was when they didn’t know God that they were given over to idols

1)    But once they came to know the Lord they turned from their idols at once


B)A knowing  of God w/ the heart   creates an abhorrence of idols, especially of those which have enslaved our own hearts.


CHS  Way w/ words Beloved, God so enamors the soul of the converted man, so engrosses every spiritual faculty, that he cannot endure an idol, however dear in former times; and if perchance in some backsliding moment an earthly love intrudes, it is because the man has withdrawn his eye from the splendor of the Deity. When once he gets his eye back again to the God of love, then does Dagon fall before the ark of the Lord, and not so much as the stump remains left. Blessed Lord, let us know thee, for then we shall know our idols no more.


C)When a person truly knows God & is growing in that intimacy w/ God they understand that there is nothing that compares w/ that relationship

1)   Not silver not gold / not any person / not any possession


In the Story of Ulysses / there was a certain Island called siren / Beautiful women sang wonderful melodies  songs of enchantment

A)Ships that were passing by the Island would here the music and they would be so entranced that they would turn in – toward Island / Rocks


B) No ships were able to make it past the Island

C) Now Ulysses was determined to make it past the Island but he also wanted to hear the music / tied to the Mast / Men wax in their ears

1)   Past by – Ulysses was able to hear the music / screamed at his men to turn in / but they could hear him


D) He tried to break free of the ropes but it was to no avail

1)   Once the ship was safely past the Island – His men untied him / they as a crew were able to survive


But there was also another man who survived his name was Orpheus

A)Orpheus was a great musician & when he & his men were sailing by the Island / they heard the music / they were drawn / began to turn in


B) At that moment – Orpheus broke out his flute & began to play a song that was far superior to the song coming from the Island

1)   His men were able to sail safely past


C) Like  w/ Jesus it isn’t that we are struggling – oh I have to keep myself from the world

1)    But it is that the Music of Jesus in our hearts is so much better that there isn’t a desire for the those other things / He is working in Me




2) It Produces Faith:

Psa. 9:10  And those who know Your name will put their trust in You;

A)We cannot trust an unknown God, but when he reveals himself to us by his Spirit, then to trust him is no longer difficult; it is, it is the natural result .


B) Whenever a man does not believe God, it is because he does not know him.

1)   If you doubt his willingness to pardon sin you do not know the abundance of his mercy.


C) If you doubt his skill to bring you through your present difficulties you do not know the infinite resources of his wisdom.

1)   If you dream that he cannot deliver you in this your time of need you have closed your eye to the unlimited of his power.


3) It Creates a Hunger for God

Psa 63:1 O God, You are my God; Early will I seek You; My soul thirsts for You; My flesh longs for You In a dry and thirsty land   Where there is no water.


A) Paul in Phil 3


B) David Psalm 23 One thing I desired of the Lord ….seek …..



4) Creates a desire for Good works

1 Jn.2:3 3Now by this we know that we know Him, if we keep His commandments.


A)More you know God / the more you desire to serve Him


B) So in love / natural response – I want to please Him


5) It transforms us 

 2Cor. 3:18 18But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as by the Spirit of the Lord.



6) The Knowledge of God causes us to Praise Him

Psa. 34: I will bless the LORD at all times; His praise shall continually be in my mouth.2My soul shall make its boast in the LORD;


Psa.44:8 8In God we boast all day long, And praise Your name forever.


Psa.63:3 Because Your lovingkindness is better than life, My lips shall praise You.4Thus I will bless You while I live; I will lift up my hands in Your name.5  My soul shall be satisfied as with marrow and fatness, And my mouth shall praise You with joyful lips.

A)All true knowledge of God is attended by affection for him. In spiritual language to know God is to love him. “He that loveth not knoweth not God, for God is love.”


B)Where the Lord is fully known he is intensely loved.

1)   The person who truly knows God is compelled to worship Him


C) “It is the great passion of the renewed soul to glorify God”,



7) The man who knows the Lord will be useful

A)Dan.11:32  the people who know their God shall be strong, and carry out great exploits.


2Cor.2: 14Now thanks be to God who always leads us in triumph in Christ,& through us diffuses the fragrance of His knowledge in every place.

15For we are to God the fragrance of Christ among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing. 16To the one we are the aroma of death leading to death, and to the other the aroma of life leading to life. And who is sufficient for these things?


A)The man who knows God has a savor about him, and wherever he goes he will be a power among men;

1)   the savor of Christ will come streaming out of him, as incense from a censor filled with glowing coals.


B)Our usefulness very much depends upon our knowledge of God. We cannot teach others of things what we do not know ourselves.

 1) if we are filled with a knowledge of Christ, then the sweet savor of his name will pour forth from us as perfume from the flowers.