Panorama of the Prophets

Christ in Isaiah


It was Rez Sunday – when Jesus met two men on the Road heading out of Jerusalem to Emmaus.

A)Jesus approached these two men – sad – dejected

 Why do you guys look so sad?


B) Are you a stranger – Heard of Jesus……mighty in word and deed – we Hoped He was the one who was going to redeem Israel.


C)Jesus continued along – Sharing Moses thru the Prophets how it was declared that the Messiah must suffer.


D) House bread – Disappeared “How our hearts burned with in us.”


There is a quote in the book Hebrews – Psalm 40 but the reference is speaking of Jesus

Hebrews 10:5-7


5 Therefore, when He came into the world, He said:

"Sacrifice and offering You did not desire,

But a body You have prepared for Me.

6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin

You had no pleasure.  7 Then I said, 'Behold, I have come —  In the volume of the book it is written of Me —  To do Your will, O God.'" 


It is true in the Volume of the Book it is written of Him!

A)The purpose of the Bible is not principles – but a person – TO PT US TO JESUS!


B) Starting with Moses – Pentatuach on thru the Prophets


C)One Prophet who pointed us to Jesus more than any other it is Isaiah.

1)His book is layered with one reference after another to JESUS.


Isaiah also wrote with a Near and not Yet !

A)Some of his prophecies had a immediate application but also a future application.


B)Example of that in Isaiah Ch.7 fascinating prophecy – let me set the scene.


Syria and Israel have teamed up together to come against Judah{ victory in a Province

A)Heading toward Jersusalem – but they have taken prisoners back toward Samaria



Now it is during this time that God sends the Prophet Isaiah to Jerusalem to Ahaz with a message

1) recorded for us in Isaiah ch.7


Isa 7:1-2  Now it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up to Jerusalem to make war against it, but could not prevail against it. 2 And it was told to the house of David, saying, "Syria's forces are deployed in Ephraim." So his heart and the heart of his people were moved as the trees of the woods are moved with the wind.


A)Judah is filled with fear: Not established/ they are like the trees of the wind blowing back and forth


3 Then the LORD said to Isaiah, "Go out now to meet Ahaz, you and Shear-Jashub your son, at the end of the aqueduct from the upper pool, on the highway to the Fuller's Field,


B)The Lord sends Isaiah along with his son Shear-Jashub To meet Ahaz –  Shear-Jashub his name means a remnant shall return


V4 and say to him:'Take heed, and be quiet; do not fear or be fainthearted for these two stubs of smoking firebrands, for the fierce anger of Rezin and Syria, and the son of Remaliah.


Notice the first thing the Lord has Isaiah say to these people who were wavering in fear Take heed, and be quiet

A)Common word from the Lord for those who are filled with worry & fear . Be still

C)God knows the need that we have to quiet our hearts

1)Sometimes the first road to quieting our hearts is to quiet our mouths {Stop talking


2nd He says – Don’t be afraid – Why? They are just smoking fire brands { Smoking stick – been in fire

A)So Ahaz looked at Israel and Syria and saw a terrible threat.


B)God looked at Israel and Syria and saw two stubs of smoking firebrands.

1)To the Lord, they were all smoke and no fire! The fire is gone – almost exstinct


C) Ahaz says these guys  are on Fire God says- no they are smoking Sticks

1) They are just guys Full of smoke


Why does God give them that description?

It is because he sees what Ahaz doesn’t

     Isa 7:5-7


5 Because Syria, Ephraim, and the son of Remaliah have plotted evil against you, saying, 6 "Let us go up against Judah and trouble it, and let us make a gap in its wall for ourselves, and set a king over them, the son of Tabel" —  7 thus says the Lord GOD:

"It shall not stand, Nor shall it come to pass.


This is why What they are planning against you is not going to happen – It shall not stand.

v.8 For the head of Syria is Damascus,

And the head of Damascus is Rezin.

Within sixty-five years Ephraim will be broken,

So that it will not be a people. The head of Ephraim is Samaria,And the head of Samaria is Remaliah's son.


A)In 65 yrs Israel will cease to exist – Prophecy fulfilled invasions of Assyria and Babylon


B) Their leaders will be the first to go down.


C) Then the Lord issued this exhortation


V.9b If you will not believe,

Surely you shall not be established."'"


D) If you are not going to believe the word of the Lord then you will not be established

1) continue to be scared – tossed – shaken


E) Anything but established


This is such a good word for us to consider

A)You see God wants us to be established

  He doesn’t like to see his people shaken


B) But the key to being established is in believing the word of the Lord and acting on it.



Notice how remarkably close the Lord draws to Ahaz

V10  Moreover the LORD spoke again to Ahaz, saying, 11 "Ask a sign for yourself from the LORD your God; ask it either in the depth or in the height above."


God says ask for a sign I want you to believe that I am with you – willing to work – I will show you ask


12 But Ahaz said, "I will not ask, nor will I test the LORD!" Ahaz says no { not going to ask


God says I will give you one anyway – Prophecy about Messiah

13 Then he said, "Hear now, O house of David! Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will you weary my God also? 14 Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel.


This is one of the most famous prophecies regarding the birth of Jesus the Messiah in the Bible.

A)It also illustrates a principle of prophecy, that prophecy may have both a near fulfillment and a far fulfillment.


V.16 For before the Child shall know to refuse the evil and choose the good, the land that you dread will be forsaken by both her kings). Simply put, God would give Ahaz a sign that within a few years, both Israel and Syria would be crushed. This was a sign of deliverance to Ahaz.


Many commentators think that this was immediately fulfilled when a young woman a virgin in the royal household shortly married, conceived a son, and unknowingly naming him “Immanuel.”


Before this boy came to eat solid food, Israel and Syria would be defeated.


The far or ultimate fulfillment of this prophecy goes far beyond Ahaz, to announce the miraculous virgin birth of Jesus Christ.

A)We know this passage speaks of Jesus because the Holy Spirit says so through Matthew: “Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which is translated, “God with us.” (Matthew 1:23)


B)We know this passage speaks of Jesus because the prophecy is addressed not only to Ahaz, but also to David’s entire house (O house of David!).


C)Notice  it says the virgin shall conceive, and that conception would be a sign to David’s entire house.


D) the far or ultimate fulfillment clearly points to a woman miraculously conceiving and giving birth.

Immanuel speaks both of the deity of Jesus (God with us) and His identification and nearness to man (God with us).


The word became flesh and dwelt among us


This Prophecy continues into Chapter 8

A)Prophecy of the impending invasion by the Assyrians –


Isaiah 8:8

8 He will pass through Judah,

He will overflow and pass over,

He will reach up to the neck;

And the stretching out of his wings

Will fill the breadth of Your land, O Immanuel. 


This refers back to the “Immanuel” prophecy of Isaiah 7:14.


The message is this

The land the Assyrians will invade doesn’t really belong to Judah or to King Ahaz.


 It belongs to the Lord God, to the coming Messiah, to Immanuel.


Then there is this incredible word. Isaiah 8:11-15

       RD V.11-15


Do not say, “A conspiracy” . . . nor be afraid of their threats:

A)Isaiah, and all the people of Judah, were tempted to give into fear and panic, knowing the dangerous place they were in.


B)At the time of this prophecy, the combined armies of Israel and Syria had destroyed much of Judah.

Their armies either encircled Jerusalem or were on the way.


C)They planned to depose King Ahaz of Judah and set their own man on the throne (Isaiah 7:6).


D)Now, Isaiah’s prophecy declared the armies of Syria and Israel would not succeed in conquering Judah, but the Assyrians (who they trusted to help them) would attack them and do much damage.


 E) In the midst of all this, it would be easy to let your heart or mind settle on conspiracies and threats. But God tells them not to.


V.13 The Lord of hosts, Him you shall hallow; let Him be your fear: Instead of fearing conspiracies and threats, fear God. Don’t see yourself at the mercy of opposing armies; you are in God’s hands.


Worry about your place with the Lord instead of your enemies!


V.14 Great Promise:   He will be as a sanctuary: The Lord will be our sacred place, and our place of protection. He will keep us safe from our enemies.


But a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense:

A)Note: For those who trust Him, the Lord will be as a sanctuary. But for those who don’t, He will be a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense.


B) Instead of finding protection from the Lord, they will “trip” over Him, falling to destruction.

1)Indeed, many among them shall stumble; they shall fall and be broken.


We know that Jesus is this stone of stumbling and a rock of offense (1 Peter 2:6-8).

A)This is a strong statement of the deity of Jesus, because clearly in Isaiah 8:13-14, the Lord of hosts is the stone, and clearly in 1


B) Peter 2:6-8, Jesus Christ is the stone.


Better to fall upon the Rock of Jesus and be broken than to have it fall on you in Judgment and be crushed.


Ch.9 continues RD V.1-2


Nevertheless the gloom: The gloom carries over from Isaiah 8, where Isaiah warned Judah about the coming invasion from Assyria.

A)The invasion of the Assyrians would be terrible for the Jewish people,  gloom – dispray especially for the northern regions of the Promised Land, the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali.


B) In this context, the promise of Isaiah 9:1 is all the more precious: The gloom will not be upon her who is distressed.


C)The northern regions of the Promised Land - around the Sea of Galilee (Galilee of the Gentiles) - were most severely ravaged when the Assyrians invaded from the north.


D)The promise is that this land, once seemingly lightly esteemed by the Lord, will one day have a special blessing.


The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light . . . upon them a light has shined:


Matthew 4:13-16 quotes this passage as clearly fulfilled in the Galilean ministry of Jesus.

A)Since the majority of Jesus’ ministry took place in this northern area of Israel, around the Sea of Galilee,


B)God certainly did have a special blessing for this once lightly esteemed land!




Isaiah 9:6,7

 For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given;

And the government will be upon His shoulder.

And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,

Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.


7 Of the increase of His government and peace

There will be no end, Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom, To order it and establish it with judgment and justice

From that time forward, even forever.

The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.


Move to Chapter 11

Chapter 10 ends with the Lord explaining how he would allow affliction to bring Humility in Judah


Isaiah 11:1-2

There shall come forth a Rod from the stem of Jesse,

And a Branch shall grow out of his roots.

2 The Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him,

The Spirit of wisdom and understanding,

The Spirit of counsel and might,

The Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord.


Isaiah 10:33-34 left with the idea of the Lord chopping down the proud as if they were mighty trees.


Now, the Lord is looking over the stumps, and causes a Branch to grow out of one of them, the root of the family of Jesse, David’s father.

 Indeed, Jesus did come from the stump of Jesse.

A)The royal authority of the house of David had lain dormant for 600 years when Jesus came as King and Messiah.


B)When Jesus came forth, it was like a new green Branch coming from an apparently dead stump.


C)The Lord wanted Judah to know that even though the Assyrians and others would come and bring judgment, God would still use them and bring forth life from them.


D)Even if they looked like a long-dead stump, God can bring forth life.


The Branch that comes from the apparently dead stump isn’t just barely alive.

A)It is full of life, and full of the Spirit of the Lord.


B)The Messiah has seven - the number of fullness and completion - aspects of the Spirit of the Lord.


#1 He has the Spirit of the Lord. It is not a false spirit or a deceiving spirit or even the spirit of a man.


The Spirit of the Lord God of Israel rests upon the Messiah.

Another Spirit – Marveled – Compassion – sinners were  drawn to Him  


#2 The Spirit of wisdom is upon the Messiah.

A)Jesus is perfectly wise in all things. Marveled at his wisdom 


#3 The Spirit of . . . and understanding is upon Him. A)Jesus understands all things, and He understands us perfectly.


B)He is perfectly suited to be our sympathetic High Priest in heaven (Hebrews 4:15-16).

1)Understanding in Hebrew has the idea of a sharp sense of smell.



#4 The Spirit of counsel is upon Jesus.

A)He has perfect counsel to give us at all times. He has both the wisdom and the understanding to be a perfect counselor!


#5 The Spirit of . . . might is upon Jesus.

A)He has the power to do what He desires to do. Many would help us if they could, but are powerless.


B)Others may have the power to help us, but don’t care about us.

1)Jesus has both the love and the might to help us.


#6 The Spirit of knowledge is upon Jesus. He knows everything. He knows our hearts, He knows all the facts.



Many times we have made decisions that seemed strange or wrong to others because they didn’t have the knowledge that we have.


Jesus has knowledge that we don’t have, so it shouldn’t surprise us that sometimes His decisions seem strange or wrong to others.


#7 The Spirit of . . . the fear of the Lord is upon Jesus.

He willingly kept Himself in a place of submission, respect, and honor to God the Father.



So these are some very encouraging prophecies concerning what the Messiah will be like

A)How He will minister – His Character

His Kingdom – His Power and person


B)The thing that I like is this all comes during the part of the book that is full of Woes

1)Full of Judgment because of Sin


C)Yet the Lord is constantly reminding that there is hope!

1)Not in a political party – not in program – not a plan


D)But a Person – Immanuel – God is with us!

1)No matter how bad things get – Remember that



Two MT peaks Peak one – reigning King

Jump ahead to Isaiah 49-53 other Mt Peak

A)Suffering servant


In chapter 50 Isaiah tells how Israel suffers because it turned it’s back on God.

 In contrast God’s other Servant, the Messiah, suffers to carry out the will of God.


Verse 6 he tells us, “I gave My back to those who struck Me, and My cheeks to those who plucked out the beard; I did not hide My face from shame and spitting.”


Here’s a detail of the crucifixion not mentioned in the Gospels – not only was His back beaten to ribbons, but His beard was plucked out.


Rd 52:14 -53


Think of Isaiah 53 as a huge rock tossed into the lake. What happens after the rock’s entry?

1)Circular ripples and waves emanate.


C)The larger the rock the further out the ripples.

Chapters 54-66 are the ripples that emanate from the rock of chapter 53.




D)The cross of Jesus has far reaching ramifications. Not only does it pardon our sins, the cross pays for the restoration of the planet – even a new heaven and new earth.



"The Spirit of the Lord God is upon Me,

Because the Lord has anointed Me

To preach good tidings to the poor;

He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted,

To proclaim liberty to the captives,

And the opening of the prison to those who are bound;

2 To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord,

And the day of vengeance of our God;


The Messiah announces that He is here to heal the damage that sin brings. Sin has done great damage, so there needs to be a great work of redemption.


b. Because sin impoverishes, He will preach good tidings to the poor. Because sin breaks hearts, He will heal the brokenhearted.


Because sin makes captives, He will proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound. Because sin oppresses, He will proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.


c. Because sin is a crime that must be avenged, He will proclaim . . . the day of vengeance of our God.


Significantly, Jesus stopped reading before this sentence.

A)He stopped in the middle of the prophecy, because to proclaim . . . the day of vengeance of our God is relevant to His Second Coming, not to His first coming.


B)The comma in year of the Lord, and the day of vengeance has stood for almost 2,000 years.


C)This shows us something of the nature of Biblical prophecy: it may “shift gears” and time frames quickly, and without warning.


Isaiah 63 is a report from the final battle – the Battle for Jerusalem.

A)The Lord Jesus is seen coming out of Bozrah.

Bozrah was the city of Petra, near the Dead Sea.


B)It’s the sight where the Jews of the last days will run to escape from the Antichrist.

1)Now here comes Jesus out of Bozrah.


C)His Robe is red – why And Jesus tells us in verse 3, “I have trodden them in My anger, and trampled them in My fury; their blood is sprinkled on My garments… For the day of vengeance is in My heart…”


D)Notice what Jesus says in verse 5 “I looked, but there was no one to help… Therefore My own arm brought salvation…”

Jesus rescues Israel because He sees no one willing to defend His people.

A)Traditionally, the United States has supported Israel.


B)Apparently, by this time either that support has eroded, or we’ll no longer be militarily capable to fight.


C)The good news for Israel is we won’t be needed. 1)Jesus will return, and when He does He’ll destroy the Antichrist with the brightness of His coming.


He’ll touch down on the Mount of Olives, and He’ll liberate the Jews held up at Bozrah.

A)He’ll come to Jerusalem, and establish His throne on the Temple Mount.



Isaiah 64 may be the prayer that prompts the second coming of Jesus…

A)It’s a prayer of repentance prayed by the Jews who somehow manage to survive the Great Tribulation, and flee to Bozrah.


They cry out for deliverance, “Oh, that You would rend the heavens! That You would come down! That the mountains might shake at Your presence… that the nations may tremble…”


In verse 6 the Jews repent and confess, “all our righteousnesses are like filthy rags…” Literally in the original Hebrew it reads, “like used menstrual cloths”.


Guys, that’s how God views our religious acts and good deeds. They’re dirty and filthy in His sight.


This is why we can’t save ourselves. There’s nothing we can do that will atone for our sin, or make us worthy before God.


And that’s why we need a Savior. The cross of Christ is our only hope. We need to trust in Jesus.


Isaiah 65-66 are the prophet’s grand finale’ –

Ch.65b-66 The Consummation of their Deliverance

A)These Chapters give us details into what life will be like when Jesus establishes His earthly kingdom and reigns 1000 years.