1 Chronicles 1-9  (The Family Tree)



The authorship is an unsettled question. The Talmud says that it was Ezra who compiled them


Intro: The first 9 Chapters of 1 Chronicles are seemingly a bunch of names – we think – why they wasted space – Why spend so much time telling us – who was in who’s family?


Consider it in light of the Hebrews

First  note that the writer is writing post exile:


1 Chronicles 6:15 and 9:1 make it clear that the Books of the Chronicles were put together AFTER the carrying away into Babylon


1 Chronicles 6:15  And Jehozadak went into captivity, when the LORD carried away Judah and Jerusalem by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.


1 Chronicles 9:1  So all Israel were reckoned by genealogies; and, behold, they were written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah, who were carried away to Babylon for their transgression.


As we begin to go thru this these first 9 Chapters realize are Chronicling 3500yrs of history


Ezra will come back to a nation that no longer has a King –

To these post exile tribes these names were very important –


It was one of the only ways to trace back thru the history of their tribe their people –their lineage.

Part of their inheritance would depend upon these names – so from a mere practical standpoint it was huge.


But it is also beneficial for us – General and specific sense Several reasons:

A)First in the general sense


B) It reminds us that every name is important to God –

1)  so much so that He chose to have them recorded in His Holy word


C) That reminds us that – every person is important to God – there is not one person here who is insignificant – unimportant in his eyes

1) He loves us all – He is concerned about us all – He is very interested in the intricate details of all of our lives


It teaches us that our Lord is a God of detail – Every item – every line goes under his guidance and scrutiny.

A)Now another thing to note by way of introduction - 


B)At first glance – 1,2 Chronicles seems like a repeat of 1,2 Kings { It is not! There is a difference


C) Both start with David -  and move towards the division that took place after Solomon.

1) The nation was divided into 2 Kingdoms – Israel in the South – 10 tribes – Judah in the North – 2 Tribes - 


D) Israel was ungodly – led by Kings who primarily forsook the Lord

1) Judah did better –


But here is the difference – 1,2 Kings deals primarily with the Kings of Israel – that is the focus –

A)In it we read some about the Kings of Judah – there is some overlap – but there isn’t as much detail


B)1,2 Chronicles does the opposite – They deal primarily with Judah – the Kings of Judah that is the focus – so it is the opposite of 1,2 Kings in it’s focus


C) Which is good for us – because there were many more Kings in Judah who followed the Lord –

1) so we are not going to be so depressed – by the evil –


D) There is a lot more hope for us in 1,2 Chronicles


What is the importance for us in looking at the History of these Kingdoms  4 fold answer:

1st It is good to us to look at from a national standpoint –


A)As we work our way thru this we will see parallels to our nation – Both good and bad – from this we will see direction on how to pray.


2nd It is good for us as an individual because every single one of us in one way or another is building a Kingdom and setting forth a legacy –


We can learn from these Kings of what to do and what not to do – What things to focus on and what to avoid – so that our Legacy is one that pleases the Lord


3rd – It is good for us as a Church: We are building – The Kingdoms represented here in many ways – correlate to / are a picture of the spiritual life and Challenges of a Church.


4th  1,2 Chronicles also gives us a bit of a case study in Revival –

A)There are several revivals take place –


B) So we learn about what is involved in Revival – how it happens how it takes place and what is involved.


C) So those are some of the benefits we will find in studying these two books –


It starts with a Genealogy  


Read Ch.1 V.1 –4  Adam to Noah – 4 verses

A)When you look at what these names mean you have an interesting revelation


          Adam = Man

          Seth = Appointed

          Enosh = Subject to death

          Cainan = Sorrowful

          Mahalaleel = From the presence of God

          Jered = One comes down

          Enoch = Dedicated

          Methuselah = Dying He shall send

          Lamech = To the poor brought very low

          Noah = Comfort, or rest



When you read the literal meanings of these first 10 names you have the Gospel


Man - Appointed,  Subject to death,  Sorrowful. From the presence of God One comes down, Dedicated. Dying He shall send to the poor brought very low Comfort, or rest.


A) When people say that the genealogies are dry it is only because they haven’t dug deep enough to see what God has tucked away for our understanding.


V.5-7  The sons of Japheth


Dr. William Albright who is not a believer but a World renown archeologist – when he was alive he was considered one of the greatest experts in Middle eastern ancient history he said that the table of nations laid out in Genesis 10 is unsurpassed as a document tracking ancient people – we have some of the names here.


The sons of Japheth: It is commonly supposed that “The seven sons of Japheth founded the people of Europe and northern Asia.”

From Javan came the Greeks

From Gomer came the ancient sythians of the Russian plains

From Madai came the Medes and Persians of Iran

From Tubal Tobolsk

 Meshech   Moscow plateau

Togarmah – Armenian parts of Turkey


 Kittim, and Rodanim: These are respectively the islands of Cyprus and Rhodes.


V.8-16 Descendants  of Ham

V.8 a. Ham: The descendants of Ham are the peoples who populated Africa and the Far East.


V.9 Sheba and Dedan – Saudi Arabia


V.10 b. Cush: Apparently, this family divided into two branches early. Some founded Babel  (notably, Nimrod) and others founded Ethiopia.


V.11 Mizrahem – Egypt – Egyptians


V.17-23  Sons of Shem


Elam Ancient name for Iran – Iranians

Asshur, who was the father of the Assyrians;

Lud was father to the Lydians who lived for a time in Asia Minor;

Aram was father to the Arameans, who we also know as the Syrians


V.18b Eber - “The name Eber forms the root of ‘Hebrew’; he was the ancestor of Abraham.


V.19 Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided:

A)Peleg was on the scene when the earth was divided.


There are 2 possible meanings of this phrase


1.) When the dispersion took place at the tower of Babel


2.) That it was during this man’s live that the continental drift took place

Geologist tell us about continental divide – one land mass turned into two by the shape of those two land masses they believe they can tell us how they were once joined.


Thousands of yrs ago their was a shift that caused the earth to divide.


Which is also interesting because there are over 270 different pp groups whom archeologist have found written – about a world wide  flood. 


So from v.24-28 – Shem to Abram – That is his point – focus Abraham Focus is on  the theological line


RD V.28

a. Isaac: This was the son of promise and the covenant, whose birth was announced in Genesis 17 and 18 and whose life is recorded in Genesis 21-27.



b. Ishmael: This was the son born of Hagar, blessed as a son of Abraham but not an heir to the promise or the covenant (Genesis 16 and 21).


Gen 22 Take now your only son Isaac – God doesn’t recognize Abraham’s work of the flesh


May Ishmael live before you. – God still blessed Ishmael

He became the father of the Arab people


All because Abraham decided to try to help God out concerning the promise of a son. The Jews experience the brunt of this effort of the flesh to this day.

NOTE: IF you are feeling patient in an area of your life HOLD ON.


V.32 After Sarah died – Abe married again at 145yrs old – Keturah

One of her sons Midian – Midianites – same blood line


. The sons of Isaac were Esau and Israel:

Of these two sons, only Israel was chosen as the son of the promise and the heir of the covenant of Abraham.


Nevertheless, the sons of Esau still were important to God and had a place in His eternal plan.


(43-54) The Kings and Chiefs of Edom

These were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before a king reigned over the children of Israel:


This list of the kings of Edom shows that Esau was indeed a blessed man (Genesis 33:8-16, Genesis 36), though he was rejected as the inheritor of the covenant of Abraham.


The chapter closes without a mention of the name of God in the entire chapter. Yet, as the Chronicler mentions these men as quoting from the sacred history of Genesis, God is the unspoken main character in the entire sweeping drama.


“This chapter has therefore become a panoramic view of God’s dealings with humanity in both creation and redemption.


 From the fall to the flood and then to the Chosen line of Abraham

1 Chronicles 2 – Focus become the Chosen line Isaac’s Son Jacob

A)Jacob will have 12 sons and one will be singled out.


B)The line of the patriarchs began with Abraham, and was passed down to Isaac (and not Ishmael) and then to Jacob/Israel (and not to Esau).


C) Yet with the sons of Israel, all the sons were chosen as inheritors of the covenant.


RD VERSE 7   Achar ( Achan)

A)We remember this guy from the Joshua 7


B)Achan life is summed up in one phrase the troubler of Israel 


C)Our lives can be summed up in a single sentence.

ACHAN no doubt did SOME good things at SOME time.


D)But those things are not recorded. His entire Character was summarized in the sin he committed.


It would be a good practice to occasionally ask ourselves: ‘If my life had to be summed up in a sentence, what would those words be?”


“What is the sum total thus far?”


The author moves us quickly from Judah to David – Messianic line  Rd V.11-1-15




David’s personal Genealogy


A)The sons that were born to David in Hebron.


B)David had 19 sons. None of them were really very good. The best was Solomon.

1)Solomon had some great moments but he also had some times of great backsliding


C)Many believe that the reason that David had so many bad sons was that he was too busy tending the kingdom and he neglected the training of his sons.


D)We should be in prayer for those in ministry that God would enable them to be faithful in the things of the ministry WITHOUT failing as parents.


E) Satan loves to attack the family so that the ministry can be discredited.


Interesting VERSE 5    NATHAN


A)We remember that it was a man named NATHAN who came to David to address the issue of David’s adultery and murder


B) Years later David names one of his children after this man.


10-16) The line of David unto the time of Judah’s exile.


(17-24) The line of David after the time of Judah’s exile.

CH.4-9 Take us from the yrs of Exile back to the occupying of Jerusalem during the time of Ezra and Nehemiah


CH.4 The tribes comprising the later Kingdom of Judah.

A)Begins with Judah


B)Since the focus of these genealogies is the dynastic line of David, it makes sense that the tribe of Judah is listed first.


C) Pauses to focus on this one life!  Rd v.9-10


His mother called his name Jabez: This name is associated with pain or sorrow. For some reason, probably surrounding the circumstances of his birth, his mother named him this.


Because of the strong importance of the idea of a name in ancient Hebrew culture, this idea of pain was heavy with and upon Jabez – perhaps especially in his growing up.


Liked the book accept for the formula and the author didn’t mention – reason why prayer was answered


 “On these accounts he was more honorable than his brethren.   Honorable = Heavy


Prayed and God answered – 4 fold prayer

1) Blessed

2) Enlarge my borders

3) Jabez asked that the hand of God would be with him. “The ‘hand of the Lord’ is a biblical term for God’s power and presence in the lives of His people (see Joshua 4:24 and Isaiah 59:1).” (Wilkinson).

4) He asked to be Kept from evil.

Sin causes pain -


So God granted him what he requested: Started with him being an honorable man


Good example for us !



Ch.4 Simeon – v.24- 43   Rd v.v.38- 43

A)The family of Simeon was prolific.


B)They felt confined and restricted and so they looked beyond their boundaries and saw where the Amalekites were.


B)It was a fertile land that could support them and their flocks and herds.

1)So they went and wiped out the Amalekites for the blessing of their people.


C) IF you are feeling restricted in some area of your life or ministry.

1) The key is to look beyond the borders of your life and see if there is some area that the enemy is holding.


D)Be a person of VISION that can see beyond your present borders. Carve out new areas of life and ministry.


E) Do you see the POSSIBILITIES that exist around us? That is what these guys did


Ch.5 Rueben Gad half tribe of Manasseh

read v.1,2 / v. 9-10 - 18-26


Dangers of living on the fringe – First to be carried off


Sheep that straggle on the fringe are the ones that can get picked off


Ch. 6 Levites Sons of Aaron


The sons of Levi were: This chapter describes the descendants of Levi and of Aaron.


The entire tribe of Levi had a special place in Israel, given over to the service of God generally. Levi genes -


Within the tribe of Levi was a special priestly family descended from Aaron.

A)All priests were therefore Levites, but not all Levites were priests.  Only those in the line of Aaron


B) The Priest were set apart to offer sacrifices -


C) The Levites were dedicated to SERVICE in the house of the Lord. There are THREE family lines found here in






Gershonites carried the tent... the Tabernacle itself


KOHATH  Cohen -  Lady at the airport – Priest name -


The Kohathites took care of the furniture within it




The Merarites took care of the boards


Each of these families had a SPECIFIC function to carry out


THAT is why they were able to move effectively and efficiently through the wilderness


QUESTION: What is YOUR job in our pilgrimage?


You should be able to state clearly and concisely what your ministry is.

IF you do not know it yet, THEN make it a matter of prayer and begin to step out as the Lord leads you.


Beginning at VERSE 3 the sons of Aaron are listed


V.31 Worship leaders Heman – Asaph – Ethan –

A) In Israel in order to be a worship leader –talent wasn’t so much this issue as was your gene pool


B) Same is true today – Gene pool of the heart – Talent helps but heart is key








We come top the sons of Issachar and Benjamin in this chapter along with Manasseh, Ephraim and Asher




The genealogy of Benjamin as it relates to Saul and Jonathan


That is where headed – RD V.29,30 – v.33


CHAPTER NINE  Brings us back after exile



Those that were dwelling FIRST in the cities that were given to Israel were those that were involved in SERVICE


Here we see PICTURED the PRIORITY of God’s work.


He first gets people in place to minister to the people

V.10-13 Priest


The Levites are talked about in VERSE 14-16


We are told in VERSE 17 that some of them were PORTERS... keepers of the doors in the house of the Lord


Read VERSE 22—30 Their function


A certain group of the Levites had ONE job......  that was to open the doors


They kept out those that were UNCLEAN and they opened the door for those who had need.


Ushers deacons greeters


Rd v.33


Here is the point in God’s design we all have a function and a place in the body of Christ


Well there you have it in one night we covered – Gen 1 thru 2 Sam ch.3 – Proud of you guys