1 Chronicles 10-11  (David becomes King!)


Intro: We are now in the book of 1st Chronicles

We are reviewing the History of the Kings

A)After Solomon’s death the nation divided two Kingdoms – Judah in the South / Israel in the North


B)Difference from 1,2 Kings: Those books deal more directly with Kings of Israel 

1)What was happening in Israel – ministry of Elijah and Elisha – dealing with kings of Israel


C) Glossed over the Kings of Judah -


D)In 1,2 Chronicles the Primary the focus in is Judah – the Kings of Judah

1) More interested in the Messianic line –


E) Gives greater detail into the reigns of the Kings of Judah and sort of glosses over the Kings of Israel


What is the importance for us in looking at the History of these Kingdoms  4 fold answer:

1st It is good to us to look at from a national standpoint –


A)As we work our way thru this we will see parallels to our nation – Both good and bad – from this we will see direction on how to pray.


2nd It is good for us as an individual because every single one of us in one way or another is building a Kingdom and setting forth a legacy –

We can learn from these Kings of what to do and what not to do – What things to focus on and what to avoid – so that our Legacy is one that pleases the Lord


3rd – It is good for us as a Church: We are building – The Kingdoms represented here in many ways – correlate to / are a picture of the spiritual life and Challenges of a Church.


4th  1,2 Chronicles also gives us a bit of a case study in Revival –

A)There are several revivals take place –


B) So we learn about what is involved in Revival – how it happens how it takes place and what is involved.


C) So those are some of the benefits we will find in studying these two books –


Last week we covered 9 Chapters – How ? Rd them and you will understand.

A)But we went from Gen 1 to 2 Sam 3 – all the way to the end of Saul’s reign


B) Tonight we are going to pick up in Ch.10 where one chapter is dedicated to the life of Saul

1) Only one – why this one?   RD 10:1-3


Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa. 2 Then the Philistines followed hard after Saul and his sons. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons. 3 The battle became fierce against Saul. The archers hit him, and he was wounded by the archers.

Saul’s life was a Battle! It was a series of Failures.

A)Here at the end of his life/ Saul is in such rebellion  that the Lord isn’t even speaking to him.


B) So he went and sought counsel from the Witch at Endor – that is how far he is from God at this pt.


C) Saul goes blindly into Battle – He is hit He is wounded       CH 10:4-5

4 Then Saul said to his armor bearer, "Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and abuse me." But his armor bearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword and fell on it. 5 And when his armor bearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell on his sword and died.


When Saul is wounded he begs his armor bear to Kill him – thinking better than being tortured by the Philistines –


But the Armor bearer isn’t going to strike the Lord’s anointed – So Saul kills himself – Armor bearer follows suit                               RD V.6-10


Now we are not told this in 1 Samuel –the Lord reserves to tell us this here – Saul’s head cut off and taken to the temple of the God Dagon

A)Remember 1 Sam 5 – Philistines captured the Ark – and put it in the Temple of Dagon


B) Next day – Dagon off his throne fallen on it’s face before the Ark of the Lord

1) Comical – they set Dagon back on his throne!


C) Next day: Come to the Temple and once again Dagon in on the ground before the Ark

1)This time head and hands have fallen off.


D) One of these God’s has to go! They get rid of the ArkVictory for the God of Israel


E) Well the Philistines are still into Dagon – this time thinking – Victory for Dagon – head of Saul

1) What they don’t understand is that God was Chastening Saul – God had left him


God had removed his hand of Protection from Saul

A)So he and his sons were Killed / Saul is beheaded and their Bodies are hung on the walls of Bet Shean


B) We visited that City – Amazing excavation


11 And when all Jabesh Gilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul, 12 all the valiant men arose and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons; and they brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the tamarisk tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.



Now Back when Saul was first emerging as a national leader. 1 Sam 11 – The Ammonites attacked Jabesh G

A) And the King of the Ammonites declared – Make a covenant – lets us cut out right eyes … not destroy


B) Jabesh G asked for time! – 7 days


C) Saul heard of the Situation and rallied all of Israel to the Aid of Jabesh G

1) They didn’t forget that Kindness  & so they came to fetch the bodies of Saul & his sons { Buried them


13 So Saul died for his unfaithfulness which he had committed against the LORD, because he did not keep the word of the LORD, and also because he consulted a medium for guidance. 14 But he did not inquire of the LORD; therefore He killed him, and turned the kingdom over to David the son of Jesse.


This serves the purpose of the writer: This is the sober epitaph of Saul.

A)He died for his Unfaithfulness


B) Interesting thing about Saul is sin was not ONE GIANT MISHAP –

1)No His sin was in increments


C) He had a good beginning – He did some good things – like helping Jabesh G


D) But Saul is a man who in increments turned away from the Lord

Saul was in Gilgal – and he offered Sacrifices when he was told to wait on the Lord – for the Prophet

A)He was told to not spare any of the Amalakites or their cattle – Spares Agag – choice cattle


B) Might not seem like big things to us – but it was these little acts of disobedience that hardened his heart to the Lord


C) Samuel confronts – why do I hear ……..

1) excuse for Sacrifice


D) Samuel hacks Agag to pieces –

1) Turns away Saul tears his robe – “ this day your Kingdom is torn given to another”


E) But it wasn’t that Saul failed in one Huge thing

1) But slowly step by step he became desensitized to sin

His Heart became rebellious


We need to take note of that because the same thing can happen to us.

A)One little compromise leads to another, another, slowly heart is becoming desensitized


B) Harder to discern the voice of the Lord

1) Many small steps until a person wakes up one say thinking – How did I end up here?


C) Saul’s rebellion leads to consulting a witch – Sad

1) I think at any point along the way – repented God forgive – Different end for Saul { Many more Chapters

So one Chapter is given to depict Saul’s life. A life marked by struggle and defeat

A)He ends up headless / His body fastened to a wall




Then all Israel came together to David at Hebron, saying, "Indeed we are your bone and your flesh. 2 Also, in time past, even when Saul was king, you were the one who led Israel out and brought them in; and the LORD your God said to you, 'You shall shepherd My people Israel, and be ruler over My people Israel.'" 3 Therefore all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the LORD. And they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD by Samuel.


So David at 37 ˝ yrs old becomes the King of the nation.

A)He was 30 when he took the throne in Hebron – for 7 yrs Israel followed Ishbosheth  Saul’s remaining son


B)But after 7yrs of that – they come to David and beg him to be their King { Kissing up to him now


C) So it ends up being 20 plus yrs from the time that David was anointed by Samuel.

1) He was between 15-17


D) More than 20yrs pass ! –


That is important for us to note because 20yrs before David was chosen for the Job – He was anointed for the Job by God’s Prophet

A)He was CHOSEN – but he wasn’t PREPARED


B) So David was going to go thru the Crucible!


C) Reading Billy Graham’s book on Leadership


“ Leadership is a set of life experiences melded by intense heat.”


D) It is like metal going thru the fire so that when it finally emerges from the fire – it has been reshaped to a useful form


E) Being put thru the Crucible is being put thru the fire – thru the press – thru the sifting process


That is what David’s life would become for 20yrs after he was Chosen & anointed.

A)David burst on the scene in Dramatic fashion – Kills Goliath – { despite doubt and scorn


B) He was seen as a Leader in the making – God’s hand was on him –

1) Victories – Saul 1,000 / David 10,000


C) David forges a great friendship with Jonathan


D) Saul is getting Jealous – { throw spears

David has to flee the city.

A)He goes to Samuel – Mentor and Counselor

But the Lord moves him from Samuel


B) Goes to Jonathan – God takes Jonathan out of his life.


C) He ends up all alone in the cave of Adullam


It is interesting David is separated from His family from his counselor –from his best friend

A)There are times in our life when no counselor or human instrument is allowed –


B) Because God wants to get us alone – He wants to be our counselor


C) And step by step God took away every crutch in David’s life –

1) David would have to be dependent on only God


D) You have to wonder during that time – if David ever doubted his calling

1) What was Samuel smoking when he came to my house that day.


E) But David’s time in the desert was his time for preparation – God always has desert times




Here is what is interesting – David is dwelling in Caves and people start to gather to him

A)Interesting group 1 Sam 22 – those in debt – distressed / discontent.


B) That is not the crowd you want to start your ministry with! – No Leadership manuals

1) Instead of financial backers you get the ones who need help paying their bills


C) Instead of those who are ready to help others – you get the group – stressed out and burdened by life


D) And to top it off you get the crowd that is bitter and resentful.  Full of ISSUES


I can’t help but think that the Lord surrounds David with this group at a time when he is going thru the lowest point in his life

A)God brings this group into David’s life to force David to NOT get focused on his own problems


B) He has too many needy people around him to become self consumed

1) Here are a whole bunch of pp who are maybe worse off than he is


C) Forced David to step back and ask – How can I help these people?



So the Lord strips David of his crutches and puts him in a place to begin leading the most unusual and in need band of people ever assembled.

A)But this will be David’s preparation - 


B) Teaching them to fight – listening to their problems.


C) It would be during this time that David would begin to write songs – in the cave – Cave songs


D) Psalm 27 – The Lord is my light ……

One thing I have desired



Ps 34:11 Come, you children, listen to me;

I will teach you the fear of the LORD.


E) See David during this time growing – teaching instructing and leading –

1) Time of Preperation – Yrs later he would not have traded for all the gold in the world


F) His life formed in the fire – Some of his closet companions / life companions assembled at that time


G)David’s Prep is complete – Finally made King in Hebron – 7 yrs later over all of Israel

1) He reigned 33 yrs in Jerusalem



                         RD V.4-5


David take Jerusalem

A) From the time that God brought the Israelites into the promised       land, the city of Jerusalem was always a problem for them


B) In spite of the fact that the whole land was given to them they had never been able to possess it all


C)  Zion - The most strategic and the most stately city in the whole land was occupied firmly by their enemy

Josh:15:63  As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out:


D) Jerusalem sits on a Mt. Always going up when headed to Jerusalem / which made it a hard city to Attack

 1) So The Jebusites were far too strong for them.... Eventually the Israelites started to peacefully coexist with them


Taking the city of Jerusalem became a hopeless cause for Israel and the Jebusites actually scoffed Israel for it's weakness

A)The city was so strong that the Jebusites claimed that the blind and the lame could defend it


B) But When David became king over Israel we are told that       immediately he took the stronghold of Zion

   1) The victory that had been impossible for Israel throughout   their whole history became possible when David became king

C) The problem was they didn’t have the right King Same is true in our lives at times!

1) Long standing problems – linger – don’t have the right King!


D)So too One of the first evidences of Jesus becoming king of our lives will be that deep rooted habits of sin that ruled us and defeated us

  1) WILL BE defeated by the power and authority of our King, Jesus


E) The sin that ruled over us, like the Jebusites dominated Jerusalem

1) The sin that DEFIED our best efforts to remove them


D) The sins that were DESTROYING us & DOMINATING us/

1) They are put under the feet of Jesus when He becomes King of our lives


E) See when  Jesus comes into our lives it is to set up His Kingdom! 

He starts His rule by giving us the first taste of deliverance &  victory over the power of deep rooted sin.{He Breaks stronghold of Satan


RD V.6-9


Joab captured the city – climbing the water shaft – Spring at Gihon – we saw this – 100 ft high


Now at this point the author introduces us to David’s mighty men.

A)This is what these guys who at one time were in debt distressed and discontent became from David’s influence


B) They were transformed by spending time with David.


C) Great picture of how we can be transformed when spending time with – He who is greater than David



RD V10-11

1ST UP IS JOSHA BEUM { Great name} – 2 Samuel 23 – He is also known as Adino the Horite

A) Here he is Josha beum the Hackmonite – You don’t want to mess with a guy – Hackmonite


B) He lifted up his spear against 300


C) Amazing – Killed 300 men in one battle with his spear – that is hard to comprehend –

1) Hand to hand combat


D) No one teased him about his name after that.

1) Yes Sir / No sir Josha beum


RD V. 12-14



In 2 Samuel 23 We are told that Eleazar Battled all day until his hand stuck to the Sword

A) Great picture for us - The Bible is called the Sword of the Spirit in Eph 6


B)   You must be in the Word consistently

1) Hand Stuck to the word


D) Eleazar is a great picture of the person who is giving themselves continually to studying the word of God –

1) His hand stuck to the sword –


RD V.15-19


So here we find David in this hot cave – he is thirsty – Longing for some water from the well in Bethlehem { Thinking out loud – oh I wish …..

A) Problem : Bethlehem was surrounded by the Enemy - Philistines


B)So David is kind of thinking out loud – Longing  Oh for a drink

1) Suddenly these 3 guys are missing -  Now this is something that makes up the mindset of a mighty man of God


C) They heard what the king was thinking – they heard what was on his heart

1) Do you hear the heart beat of your king ?


D) It is one thing to obey the commands of Christ – and that is good – but what is even better is to hear the heart beat of Christ

1) What is his heart ! What is he doing –


D) These 3 guys hear David’s heart beat and go to the enemy camp and broke thru – to get water for their king !


Note this: It doesn’t tell us how they Broke thru – just that they did

1) Why – God is not into formula’s


D) Build formula’s is our tendency – You seek the Lord – Honesty and he will reveal


Now 2 Sam 23 tells us the names of the 3 guys Shammah / Adino / Eleazar?

A) I can See David asking – where is Shammah / Adino / Eleazar? Don’t know sir –


B) 3 men in the distance – It is them – Beat up / dirty / bloody


C)  Where have you guys been – what happened to you – Pull out the skin – Water from the well in Beth. Sir


C) David is blown away here – and does something at first glance seems odd – but in reality is beautiful – Pours it out to the Lord – Offering –

David was so honored by the self-sacrifice of these three mighty men he felt that the water was too good for him –

A). He believed that the great sacrifice of these men could only be honored by giving the water to the Lord.


B)  He was saying to these men, this water means more to me then something good to drink,

1) this water represents love loyalty, sacrifice and faith.  The best thing to do with those kinds of things is to offer them back to the Lord. 


RD V.20-21


 Next is Abishai -

A) The interesting thing about Abishai is that he did some really good stuff, and he did some really bad stuff. 


B) Suicide mission w/ David into Saul’s camp – took Saul’s spear and jug of water.

1) He lead a third of David’s troops during Absalom’s rebellion

2) He led troops in battle against the Syrians & Amorites

3) He took on & killed 1,000 Edomites in the valley of Salt


C) And of course the last great thing that he had done was to take on kill the giant who had David on the ropes. 


But he was also the guy who was always prodding David to kill Saul;

A) he was the guy who along with his brother Joab killed Abner, after David had made a truce with him. 


B) He was the guy who wanted to Kill Shimei because he had cursed the king. 

1) He did some good stuff, but he was also full of bad advice and he had a short fuse. 


C) Abishai’s life is comforting to me – because it reminds us that warriors are going to make mistakes,

1) warriors will sometimes have real lapses in judgment,

2) warriors might not be the most compassionate people in the camp,

3) warriors may turn off as many people as they help.  Abishai certainly did. 


D) These kind of warriors require a lot of grace, but they will do stuff that no one else can do.  

1) I am sure I have been that way before –


E) Greatest mistakes that we make in the body of Christ is we forget that we are all sinners – {Hold each other to impossible standards at times


Well after Abishai is Benaiah RD V.22- 

A) Benaih killed two lion like men – fierce guys – intimidating men


B) And then after that – He killed a Lion snowy day

After He kills the Lion – He kills this Egyptian – Spectacular man   RD V.23-25

Huge / impressive / mighty warrior – { World class Stud

A) I want you to notice what Benaiah was armed with – His Staff


B) Now this is interesting to me – Egypt is always a symbol of the world in scripture

1) So Benaiah goes up against this guy who is the epitome of the world representation of the greatness of the World –


C) And he takes him out armed only with his Staff


Staff – is the symbol of the Pilgrim – Lesson

A) How do you overcome the world? You remember that you are a Pilgrim – Keep eyes on eternity


B) Times that I have blown it or become distracted in what God has called me to have been the times I have lost sight of Eternity


C) Pilgrims and Sojourners


V.26 Also the mighty warriors were…………

A)These remarkable men were the foundation of the greatness of David’s reign.


B)They did not come to David as great men but God used his leadership to transform them from men who were in distress, in debt and discontented, who met David back at Adullam Cave (1 Samuel 22:1-2).



Note v.41 Uriah is in that group {

A)Uriah’s name is the last one in 2 Sam 23


B) Uriah in the midst of this reminds us that our lives can affect pp in two ways

1) Give to and make them Better


C) Our take from – make them worse!