1 Chronicles 12  (God’s faithfulness to David)


Now as we come to Ch.12 in our study of 1 Chronicles

I want to remind you that the writer –probably Ezra is writing to the saints who have returned back to Jerusalem after 70plus yrs of Captivity


The writer is seeking to encourage his readers to walk with God.   The remnant

A)Underlying theme of 1,2 Kings was Disobedience leads to Defeat!


B) Where as the Theme of 1, 2 Chronicles. Is Faith leads to Victory.


C) SO he wants to show us – how those who were faithful were victorious – God worked

1) 1 Chronicles – He deals with David


D) He has moved quickly to get us to David’s life and reign here in Ch.12

1) Spend the next 17 Chapters looking at David – from a largely Positive view point


E) He wants his readers to catch David’s heart and be inspired by his faith and obedience

1) To show what God does in a life that honors Him


F) He wants them to catch this – be inspired by this.

1) So there is a lot that He is going to leave out from David’s life – { A lot of the negative.

After David as we move into 2 Chronicles – He deals with the Kings of Judah

A)Many of which walked with God and honored God and sought to please God


B) God blessed them – God sent Revival

1) Again illustrating Faith and faithfulness leads to Victory and blessing.


C) Here in Ch.12 He is Chronicling God’s faithfulness to David – Seen in the men He brought to David

1) God assembled a great group of men to serve under David – { Kingdom prospered


D) Now He is going to back up here a little and take us back to David’s pre king days

1) He starts with the men that came to David at Ziglag


Now the writer doesn’t tell us this here – but in 1 Samuel 27-30 we learn that Ziglag was a TOUGH place for David as well as a TURNING point

A)After being chased around the country side by Saul for at least 10 yrs maybe more.


B) David is tired – He is thru – He is frustrated

1) IN an act of not so much rebellion – but frustration David made friends with Achish King of Philistines


C) Achish allowed David and his men to reside in  a place called Ziglag { Place of refuge {

1) During that time Saul quit Chasing him. { WOW!

It was during this time in David’s life that he sort of became a MERCENARY

A)He and his men went out and raided the neighbor nations – Amalakites Geshurites/ Girzites


B) They weren’t Philistines but they were allies with them –

1) But they were enemies of Israel. –


C) IN order to cover his tracts – David and his men wouldn’t leave anyone alive.


 So David would come back from a slaughter and Achish would ask – where did you raid today

A) David would lie and tell him he invaded some area of Israel


B)So David is in this bad place – Get worse – when Achish is going to war against Saul.

1)He wants David to join his army and fight with the Philistines –


C) David is about ready to do just that – When some of the Philistines Generals Protest –

1) Not going to battle with David  - He will turn on us


D) So David and his men are sent home –Spared from fighting with their brothers


E)When they get back to Ziglag – Burned – families have been carried away captive.

A)David’s men are distraught – Some of these mighty men that we talked about last week


A) Are weeping like babies – Dads – Thinking lost their wives and Children


B) At that point someone turns to David and says this is your fault – If we hadn’t been with the Philistines we would have been here.


C) Someone else suggested – Let’s Stone David – Let’s Kill him



That was the turning point – Told that David at that moment turned to the Lord

A)He strengthened himself in the Lord


B) Somehow he was able to re gather the men and they pursued the Amalakites and rescued their families { Everyone brought back safely


C) Amazing time in the Life of David


D) Afterward one of the first things that happens is some of Saul’s brothers – men from Benjamin

1) Come to align themselves to David


E) Small band of 30 – This is what the Chronicler reveals for us now.        

1) Showing the faithfulness of God to David RD v.1-2

Now these were the men who came to David at Ziglag while he was still a fugitive from Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men, helpers in the war, 2 armed with bows, using both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows with the bow. They were of Benjamin, Saul's brethren.



Now as we go thru this Chapter we are not going to read every name –

A)But what I want to focus on is THE TYPE of men the Lord was drawing to David.


B) Here is what we learn about these men from Benjamin – they were effective men / talented

1) Ambidextrous – Able to shoot the bow and throw with their right and left hands


C) These were men who were very capable.

1) Effective in battle – gifted in warfare


After them men from Gad – These joined David at an even earlier time –when he was in wilderness Stronghold


8 Some Gadites joined David at the stronghold in the wilderness, mighty men of valor, men trained for battle, who could handle shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as gazelles on the mountains:


A)Here is what we learn about this group of men


1) Mighty men of Valor. – Not just mighty in the sense of being strong – but – also courageous. Men of Valor


2) Trained: When it came to battle these guys knew what they were doing – Skilled in warfare.


Having men who are courageous of heart is good – but if those men are trained even better.


3) Talented: They were men who were not just equipped with a sword and a Spear – but they knew how to handle it. – They knew how to use them.


4) Ferocious guys: – Face like a Lion -  King of the Jungle – who is the King ?  …… Mad about it


These guys were ferocious in that way: gnarly guys who – scary to look at.


5) Sure footed: – Run like gazelles on the MTs

Swift / stamina - 


This group would have any football coach Salivating

Where can I find some guys like that.


14 These were from the sons of Gad, captains of the army; the least was over a hundred, and the greatest was over a thousand. 15 These are the ones who crossed the Jordan in the first month, when it had overflowed all its banks; and they put to flight all those in the valleys, to the east and to the west.     6)  Leaders in the bunch!!!!!

Next up v.16 More from Benjamin

16 Then some of the sons of Benjamin and Judah came to David at the stronghold.


Here is what we learn about these guys is that they were loyal. Committed hearts

17 And David went out to meet them, and answered and said to them, "If you have come peaceably to me to help me, my heart will be united with you; but if to betray me to my enemies {I will cut off your heads and wipe out your families} That is what we would expect him to say.  But that is not what David says

, since there is no wrong in my hands, may the God of our fathers look and bring judgment."


Here is what He is saying: God will be my defense.

The scripture promises that, “No weapon that is formed against you will prosper”. For this is the heritage of the children of the Lord.


I have found that if you are wrongfully accused, or someone comes against you wrongfully, because of your commitment to the Lord, the Lord will take care of you.


The Lord will be your defense.

I have also found, that if I seek to defend myself, He’ll let me.


In other words, if I trust in Him, He’ll take care of the situation. But, if I trust in myself, then He’ll let me flounder on my own.

David wisely says I will let the Lord deal w/ You!

18 Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, chief of the captains, and he said:

"We are yours, O David;

We are on your side, O son of Jesse!

Peace, peace to you,

And peace to your helpers!

For your God helps you."


So David received them, and made them captains of the troop.


How this must have blessed David’s heart – Felt abandoned – lied about by Saul

A)God’s faithfulness – surrounding David with men who were loyal committed.


B) Men who believed in Him!


C) The Chronicler is wanting these people who have spent yrs in exile{ Perhaps felt abandoned / displaced  1) he wants them to grab a hold of the faithfulness of God in David’s life.


D) Be encouraged – God didn’t abandon David – he hasn’t abandoned you.


E)There is something supernatural happening here God is bringing men to David in Unity –

1) Men from all over the nation men from every tribe men with a United Heart

                               Next up is men from Manasseh

19 And some from Manasseh defected to David when he was going with the Philistines to battle against Saul; {These guys were ready to fight with David & Philistines against Saul but they did not help them, for the lords of the Philistines sent him away by agreement, saying, “He may defect to his master Saul and endanger our heads." 20 When he went to Ziglag, those of Manasseh who defected to him were ……..21 and they helped David against the bands of raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor, and they were captains in the army. 22 For at that time they came to David day by day to help him, until it was a great army, like the army of God.


Here we see of this group again – mighty men of valor – leaders captains of the army –


Note v.22 Here is so often the way that God does things – Day by day they came until it was a great army like the army of God.


Day by Day – Little by little. – It wasn’t all at once – it wasn’t an overnight thing.    Day by Day –


A) That is the way God grows things – Day by Day – One day at a time – one month – one year

1) Need to see the progress – Persevere


B) Now here is what happens – because we have seen some overnight success stories 

1) We think that is the way it is supposed to be if God is really in it.

C) Church speaking – for every Church that maybe went from 0-500 / 500 to 1000 over night

1) I can show you a 100 that grew just like this – Day by Day – a few pp at a time


E) That is the normal way that God does something

1) So don’t quit – don’t give up { We have to learn to persevere – Prayer 2 pp Ok / Study 3pp hang in there


F) It was day by Day – but the Lord was assembling an Army like the army of God

1) Day by Day the Lord is seeking to assemble us into that type of force for him.


So all of those that we just mentioned were assembled to David – before he was King.

A)Now the Chronicler is going to give us a list of those who were assembled after David was king.


B)Again take note – He is high lighting the faithfulness of God in David’s life.


C) Here we are going to see some big numbers

1) Not 20 here/ 30 there like before – but now they come in the thousands { After the Valley period 


2)Again I want to highlight their description

V.23 Now these were the numbers of the divisions that were equipped for war, and came to David at Hebron to turn over the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD: 24 of the sons of Judah bearing shield and spear, six thousand eight hundred armed for war;

Judah: 6000 – Equipped – bearing shield and Spear armed for war. { They had something to offer.


25 of the sons of Simeon, mighty men of valor fit for war, seven thousand one hundred;


Simeon 7100 – Mighty men of Valor – Courageous men     Fit for war!


26 of the sons of Levi four thousand six hundred; 27 Jehoiada, the leader of the Aaronites, and with him three thousand seven hundred; 28 Zadok, a young man, a valiant warrior, and from his father's house twenty-two captains;


4600 from Levi – Priestly tribe /Out of that 4600 – 3700 direct descendants from Aaron High priest

Men of War – Priest – getting their hands dirty going into Battle.


29 of the sons of Benjamin, relatives of Saul, three thousand (until then the greatest part of them had remained loyal to the house of Saul);


V.30 of the sons of Ephraim twenty thousand eight hundred, mighty men of valor, famous men throughout their father's house;


Ephraim steps up big – 28,000 mighty men of valor – note they were famous for their Courage –


Their Valor / courage / was known throughout the Land –

These are the kind of men that God was bringing to David at this time.


31 of the half-tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, who were designated by name to come and make David king;


18,000 from Manasseh who were appointed – that means they were the best – hand picked by someone

“Lets send our boys to David – Hand picked – designated by name”


32 of the sons of Issachar who had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do, their chiefs were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their command;


Small group from Issachar only 200 – but notice what it says about them – they were men who had an understanding of the times


They were men who were discerning

A)Oh how the Church today needs men who understand the times we are living


B) Paul said – Being good Soldiers not getting entangled in the affairs of this life.


C) Men who understand the times – the days are short – Men who realize – Urgency

1) Keen to Prophecy

33 of Zebulon there were fifty thousand who went out to battle, experts in war with all weapons of war, stouthearted men who could keep ranks;


Zebulon: 50,000/ Note several things about these men

1)Experts in war ! These guys were experts in their field


2) Experts with weapons { Knew their stuff


3) Stout hearted – The idea behind the word stouthearted is that these were men of a single or whole heart in their devotion to King David. This is reflected in several other translations:


They were not of double heart (KJV)

To help David with undivided loyalty (NIV)

Helped David with an undivided heart (NASB)

Completely loyal to David (NLT)


These weren’t wishy washy men – not doubled minded -  Men with stick to it ability

4) Men who could keep ranks

that is, they stayed tight in their formations even under the heat of battle.


Their single devotion to their king made them able to stay together as a single unit.


 “Too many like to break the ranks, and do God’s work independently.

Fifty men who act together will do greater execution than five hundred acting apart. . . .

“Unity is strength; and in their efforts to overthrow the kingdom of Satan it is most essential that the soldiers of Christ move in rank and keep step.” (Meyer)


34 of Naphtali one thousand captains, and with them thirty-seven thousand with shield and spear; 

1000 Leaders and 37,000 Equipped men


35 of the Danites who could keep battle formation, twenty-eight thousand six hundred;

28,600 – Disciplined men = able to keep formation


36 of Asher, those who could go out to war, able to keep battle formation, forty thousand;


37 of the Reubenites and the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, from the other side of the Jordan, one hundred and twenty thousand armed for battle with every kind of weapon of war.

120,000 Well armed – Arsenal – What do you want


38 All these men of war, who could keep ranks, came to Hebron with a loyal heart, to make David king over all Israel; and all the rest of Israel were of one mind to make David king. 39 And they were there with David three days, eating and drinking, for their brethren had prepared for them. 40 Moreover those who were near to them, from as far away as Issachar and Zebulon and Naphtali, were bringing food on donkeys and camels, on mules and oxen — provisions of flour and cakes of figs and cakes of raisins, wine and oil and oxen and sheep abundantly, for there was joy in Israel.

Final thing I want to point out is that they were Loyal and United

A)There was a tremendous Unity that was happening as pp were gathered to David.


B) This is what this remnant needed to see – if they were going to be successful in rebuilding


C) This is what we need in our Fellowship


C) God works when his people are unified.


Psalm 133

Behold , how good and how pleasant it is

For brethren to dwell together in unity!


Pleasing to the Lord


V2 It is like the precious oil upon the head,

Running down on the beard,

The beard of Aaron,

Running down on the edge of his garments.


Oil symbolic of the Holy Spirit


When the Disciples were gathered in unity upper room the HS fell – Pentecost


There is a sweet anointing that happens when God’s people are united


V3 It is like the dew of Hermon,

Descending upon the mountains of Zion;


It is refreshing! –


God works in Powerful ways when His people are unified.

1) Walls of Jericho – United and submitted 


2) Ezra 3:1 Gathered as one man rebuild temple


3) Nehemiah 8:1 Gathered as one man { Miraculous time under great opposition built the wall.




So as we close tonight – Be encouraged – in the same way that the Lord supplied David’s need – He promises to supply yours


He will give you what you need for the task ahead in his time thru his provision – Trust Him { Faith


Also Note: God is still seeking to raise up mighty men


Pray:    Stir up faith

Help us to be people that keep rank


                   Lord I want to be mighty for you!


Lord unify us –

                            Pp who understand the times